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Winter Weather in Cleveland Ohio, United States

Daily high temperatures decrease by 4°F, from 45°F to 41°F, rarely falling below 20°F or exceeding 60°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 34°F on January 29.

Daily low temperatures decrease by 7°F, from 34°F to 27°F, rarely falling below 7°F or exceeding 45°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 22°F on January 29.

For reference, on July 18, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Cleveland typically range from 68°F to 81°F, while on January 29, the coldest day of the year, they range from 22°F to 34°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in the Winter in Cleveland

Average High and Low Temperature in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°FFallSpringJan 2934°FJan 2934°F22°F22°FDec 145°FDec 145°F34°F34°FFeb 2841°FFeb 2841°F27°F27°FJan 137°FJan 137°F26°F26°F
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average winter temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in the Winter in Cleveland

Average Hourly Temperature in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMFallSpringfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Nagai, Japan (6,348 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Cleveland (view comparison).

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The winter in Cleveland experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 66% throughout the season. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 70% on January 11.

The clearest day of the winter is December 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 39% of the time.

For reference, on January 11, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 70%, while on August 11, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 67%.

Cloud Cover Categories in the Winter in Cleveland

Cloud Cover Categories in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%FallSpringAug 1167%Aug 1167%Dec 139%Dec 139%Feb 2838%Feb 2838%Jan 131%Jan 131%Feb 131%Feb 131%clearpartly cloudyovercastmostly clear
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Cleveland, the chance of a wet day over the course of the winter is gradually decreasing, starting the season at 25% and ending it at 23%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 38% on June 13, and its lowest chance is 17% on January 29.

Over the course of the winter in Cleveland, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 22% to 15%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain increases from 1% to 4%, and the chance of a day with only snow increases from 2% to 4%.

Probability of Precipitation in the Winter in Cleveland

Probability of Precipitation in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb0%0%5%5%10%10%15%15%20%20%25%25%30%30%FallSpringJan 2917%Jan 2917%Dec 125%Dec 125%Feb 2823%Feb 2823%Jan 123%Jan 123%snowmixedrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the season and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during the winter in Cleveland is decreasing, starting the season at 2.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.5 inches or falls below 0.8 inches, and ending the season at 1.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.6 inches or falls below 0.4 inches.

The lowest average 31-day accumulation is 1.1 inches on February 5.

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Winter in Cleveland

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 inFallSpringFeb 51.1 inFeb 51.1 inDec 12.1 inDec 12.1 inFeb 281.3 inFeb 281.3 inJan 11.5 inJan 11.5 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.

Snowfall

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day snowfall during the winter in Cleveland is increasing, starting the season at 0.9 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.5 inches or falls below -0.0 inches, and ending the season at 3.5 inches, when it rarely exceeds 9.7 inches or falls below 0.1 inches.

The highest average 31-day accumulation is 3.6 inches on February 24.

Average Monthly Snowfall in the Winter in Cleveland

Average Monthly Snowfall in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb0 in0 in2 in2 in4 in4 in6 in6 in8 in8 in10 in10 inFallSpringFeb 233.6 inFeb 233.6 inDec 10.9 inDec 10.9 inJan 12.5 inJan 12.5 inFeb 13.1 inFeb 13.1 in
The average snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Over the course of the winter in Cleveland, the length of the day is rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the season, the length of the day increases by 1 hour, 51 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 1 minute, 15 seconds, and weekly increase of 8 minutes, 43 seconds.

The shortest day of the winter is December 21, with 9 hours, 10 minutes of daylight and the longest day is February 28, with 11 hours, 14 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Winter in Cleveland

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hrFallSpringDec 219 hr, 10 minDec 219 hr, 10 minnightnightdaydayFeb 2811 hr, 14 minFeb 2811 hr, 14 minFeb 110 hr, 5 minFeb 110 hr, 5 min
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The latest sunrise of the winter in Cleveland is 7:53 AM on January 3 and the earliest sunrise is 51 minutes earlier at 7:02 AM on February 28.

The earliest sunset is 4:56 PM on December 7 and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 20 minutes later at 6:16 PM on February 28.

Daylight saving time is observed in Cleveland during 2024, but it neither starts nor ends during the winter, so the entire season is in daylight saving time.

For reference, on June 20, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:52 AM and sets 15 hours, 11 minutes later, at 9:04 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:50 AM and sets 9 hours, 10 minutes later, at 5:00 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in the Winter in Cleveland

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMFallSpring7:02 AM7:02 AMFeb 286:16 PMFeb 286:16 PM7:40 AM7:40 AMDec 74:56 PMDec 74:56 PM7:53 AM7:53 AMJan 35:09 PMJan 35:09 PM7:38 AM7:38 AMFeb 15:43 PMFeb 15:43 PMSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day in the winter. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in the Winter in Cleveland

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMFallSpring010203001020
northeastsouthwest
Solar elevation and azimuth in the the winter of 2024. The black lines are lines of constant solar elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon, in degrees). The background color fills indicate the azimuth (the compass bearing) of the sun. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries of the cardinal compass points indicate the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for the winter of 2024. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Winter in Cleveland

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMFallSpringNov 18:48 AMNov 18:48 AMNov 154:29 PMNov 154:29 PMDec 11:22 AMDec 11:22 AMDec 154:02 AMDec 154:02 AMDec 305:28 PMDec 305:28 PMJan 135:28 PMJan 135:28 PMJan 297:37 AMJan 297:37 AMFeb 128:54 AMFeb 128:54 AMFeb 277:45 PMFeb 277:45 PMMar 142:55 AMMar 142:55 AMMar 296:58 AMMar 296:58 AM8:09 AM8:09 AM6:11 PM6:11 PM8:24 AM8:24 AM8:14 AM8:14 AM4:55 PM4:55 PM8:26 AM8:26 AM8:03 AM8:03 AM4:36 PM4:36 PM4:56 PM4:56 PM8:44 AM8:44 AM8:06 AM8:06 AM5:54 PM5:54 PM5:01 PM5:01 PM7:43 AM7:43 AM7:02 AM7:02 AM6:02 PM6:02 PM7:07 PM7:07 PM7:49 AM7:49 AM8:28 PM8:28 PM
The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Cleveland is essentially constant during the winter, remaining around 0% throughout.

For reference, on July 19, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 45% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Winter in Cleveland

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%FallSpringDec 10%Dec 10%Feb 280%Feb 280%Jan 10%Jan 10%Feb 10%Feb 10%drydrycomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Cleveland is gradually decreasing during the winter, decreasing from 12.7 miles per hour to 11.9 miles per hour over the course of the season.

For reference, on January 4, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 13.4 miles per hour, while on July 30, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.5 miles per hour.

The highest daily average wind speed during the winter is 13.4 miles per hour on January 4.

Average Wind Speed in the Winter in Cleveland

Average Wind Speed in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb0 mph0 mph5 mph5 mph10 mph10 mph15 mph15 mph20 mph20 mphFallSpringJan 413.4 mphJan 413.4 mphDec 112.7 mphDec 112.7 mphFeb 2811.9 mphFeb 2811.9 mphFeb 112.7 mphFeb 112.7 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The hourly average wind direction in Cleveland throughout the winter is predominantly from the west, with a peak proportion of 47% on December 12.

Wind Direction in the Winter in Cleveland

Wind Direction in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%FallSpringwestsouthnortheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Cleveland is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average surface water temperature in Cleveland is very rapidly decreasing during the winter, falling by 12°F, from 46°F to 34°F, over the course of the season.

The lowest average surface water temperature during the winter is 34°F on February 20.

Average Water Temperature in the Winter in Cleveland

Average Water Temperature in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb30°F30°F35°F35°F40°F40°F45°F45°F50°F50°F55°F55°F60°F60°FFallSpringFeb 2034°FFeb 2034°FDec 146°FDec 146°FJan 138°FJan 138°FFeb 134°FFeb 134°F
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Cleveland typically lasts for 7.1 months (217 days), from around April 8 to around November 11, rarely starting before March 21 or after April 27, and rarely ending before October 22 or after December 2.

The winter in Cleveland is more likely than not fully outside of the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season decreasing from 11% to 0% over the course of the season.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Winter in Cleveland

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%FallSpringDec 111%Dec 111%Feb 280%Feb 280%Jan 10%Jan 10%Feb 10%Feb 10%50%Nov 1150%Nov 11frigidfreezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in Cleveland are very rapidly decreasing during the winter, decreasing by 3,356°F, from 3,373°F to 17°F, over the course of the season.

Growing Degree Days in the Winter in Cleveland

Growing Degree Days in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb0°F0°F500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°F2,500°F2,500°F3,000°F3,000°F3,500°F3,500°FFallSpringDec 13,373°FDec 13,373°FFeb 2817°FFeb 2817°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the winter, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Cleveland is rapidly increasing during the winter, rising by 1.5 kWh, from 1.6 kWh to 3.2 kWh, over the course of the season.

The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during the winter is 1.4 kWh on December 19.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Winter in Cleveland

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Winter in ClevelandDecJanFeb0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWhFallSpringDec 191.4 kWhDec 191.4 kWhDec 11.6 kWhDec 11.6 kWhFeb 283.2 kWhFeb 283.2 kWhFeb 12.1 kWhFeb 12.1 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Cleveland are 41.500 deg latitude, -81.695 deg longitude, and 650 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Cleveland contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 125 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 614 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (669 feet). Within 50 miles also contains significant variations in elevation (814 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Cleveland is covered by artificial surfaces (75%) and water (25%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (59%) and water (40%), and within 50 miles by water (42%) and cropland (24%).

This report illustrates the typical weather in Cleveland, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Cleveland.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Cleveland according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Cleveland is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Cleveland and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:

To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Cleveland and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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