1. WeatherSpark.com
  2. Nicaragua
  3. Río San Juan
  4. San Carlos

Winter Weather in San Carlos Nicaragua

Daily high temperatures increase by 6°F, from 86°F to 91°F, rarely falling below 81°F or exceeding 95°F.

Daily low temperatures are around 73°F, rarely falling below 70°F or exceeding 76°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 73°F on January 29.

For reference, on April 8, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in San Carlos typically range from 75°F to 95°F, while on January 22, the coldest day of the year, they range from 73°F to 88°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in the Winter in San Carlos

Average High and Low Temperature in the Winter in San CarlosDecJanFeb70°F70°F75°F75°F80°F80°F85°F85°F90°F90°F95°F95°FFallSpringDec 186°FDec 186°F74°F74°FFeb 2891°FFeb 2891°F73°F73°FJan 187°FJan 187°F73°F73°FFeb 189°FFeb 189°F73°F73°F
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average winter temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in the Winter in San Carlos

Average Hourly Temperature in the Winter in San CarlosDecJanFeb12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMFallSpringcomfortablewarmwarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Vadakku Valliyūr, India (10,637 miles away); Trang, Thailand (11,124 miles); and Angeles City, Philippines (9,936 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to San Carlos (view comparison).

Map
Marker
© Esri, et al.

Compare San Carlos to another city:

Map

The winter in San Carlos experiences very rapidly decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 52% to 36%. The lowest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 28% on January 2.

The clearest day of the winter is January 2, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 72% of the time.

For reference, on June 7, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 90%, while on January 1, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 72%.

Cloud Cover Categories in the Winter in San Carlos

Cloud Cover Categories in the Winter in San CarlosDecJanFeb0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%FallSpringJun 710%Jun 710%Dec 148%Dec 148%Feb 2864%Feb 2864%Jan 172%Jan 172%Feb 168%Feb 168%clearmostly clearmostly cloudyovercastpartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In San Carlos, the chance of a wet day over the course of the winter is very rapidly decreasing, starting the season at 14% and ending it at 4%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 43% on September 30, and its lowest chance is 2% on March 17.

Probability of Precipitation in the Winter in San Carlos

Probability of Precipitation in the Winter in San CarlosDecJanFeb0%0%5%5%10%10%15%15%20%20%25%25%30%30%35%35%FallSpringDec 114%Dec 114%Feb 284%Feb 284%Jan 14%Jan 14%Feb 13%Feb 13%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the season and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during the winter in San Carlos is rapidly decreasing, starting the season at 1.2 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.0 inches or falls below 0.1 inches, and ending the season at 0.2 inches, when it rarely exceeds 0.5 inches.

The lowest average 31-day accumulation is 0.2 inches on February 6.

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Winter in San Carlos

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Winter in San CarlosDecJanFeb0 in0 in2 in2 in4 in4 in6 in6 in8 in8 in10 in10 inFallSpringFeb 60.2 inFeb 60.2 inDec 11.2 inDec 11.2 inFeb 280.2 inFeb 280.2 inJan 10.3 inJan 10.3 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.

Over the course of the winter in San Carlos, the length of the day is gradually increasing. From the start to the end of the season, the length of the day increases by 23 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 16 seconds, and weekly increase of 1 minute, 49 seconds.

The shortest day of the winter is December 22, with 11 hours, 29 minutes of daylight and the longest day is February 28, with 11 hours, 54 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Winter in San Carlos

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Winter in San CarlosDecJanFeb0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hrFallSpringDec 2111 hr, 29 minDec 2111 hr, 29 minnightnightdaydayFeb 2811 hr, 54 minFeb 2811 hr, 54 minFeb 111 hr, 40 minFeb 111 hr, 40 min
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise of the winter in San Carlos is 5:42 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 21 minutes later at 6:03 AM on January 26.

The earliest sunset is 5:13 PM on December 1 and the latest sunset is 35 minutes later at 5:48 PM on February 28.

Daylight saving time is not observed in San Carlos during 2022.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:17 AM and sets 12 hours, 47 minutes later, at 6:04 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 5:53 AM and sets 11 hours, 29 minutes later, at 5:21 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in the Winter in San Carlos

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in the Winter in San CarlosDecJanFeb12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PMFallSpring5:42 AM5:42 AMDec 15:13 PMDec 15:13 PM5:54 AM5:54 AMFeb 285:48 PMFeb 285:48 PM6:03 AM6:03 AMJan 265:40 PMJan 265:40 PM5:58 AM5:58 AMJan 15:27 PMJan 15:27 PMSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day in the winter. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for the winter of 2022. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Winter in San Carlos

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Winter in San CarlosDecJanFeb12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMFallSpringNov 85:03 AMNov 85:03 AMNov 234:58 PMNov 234:58 PMDec 710:09 PMDec 710:09 PMDec 234:18 AMDec 234:18 AMJan 65:09 PMJan 65:09 PMJan 212:54 PMJan 212:54 PMFeb 512:29 PMFeb 512:29 PMFeb 201:06 AMFeb 201:06 AMMar 76:41 AMMar 76:41 AMMar 2111:24 AMMar 2111:24 AM4:47 PM4:47 PM5:37 AM5:37 AM5:13 AM5:13 AM4:57 PM4:57 PM6:08 AM6:08 AM6:06 AM6:06 AM5:51 PM5:51 PM5:25 PM5:25 PM6:37 AM6:37 AM5:53 AM5:53 AM5:42 PM5:42 PM5:53 PM5:53 PM6:46 AM6:46 AM6:28 PM6:28 PM5:24 PM5:24 PM6:02 AM6:02 AM5:42 AM5:42 AM6:03 PM6:03 PM
The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in San Carlos is very rapidly decreasing during the winter, falling from 99% to 75% over the course of the season.

For reference, on September 15, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 100% of the time, while on March 16, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 71% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Winter in San Carlos

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Winter in San CarlosDecJanFeb0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%FallSpringDec 199%Dec 199%Feb 2875%Feb 2875%Jan 191%Jan 191%Feb 184%Feb 184%miserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in San Carlos is increasing during the winter, increasing from 4.6 miles per hour to 5.9 miles per hour over the course of the season.

For reference, on February 25, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.9 miles per hour, while on October 1, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 2.9 miles per hour.

The highest daily average wind speed during the winter is 5.9 miles per hour on February 26.

Average Wind Speed in the Winter in San Carlos

Average Wind Speed in the Winter in San CarlosDecJanFeb0 mph0 mph1 mph1 mph2 mph2 mph3 mph3 mph4 mph4 mph5 mph5 mph6 mph6 mph7 mph7 mph8 mph8 mphFallSpringFeb 265.9 mphFeb 265.9 mphDec 14.6 mphDec 14.6 mphJan 15.4 mphJan 15.4 mphFeb 15.8 mphFeb 15.8 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The hourly average wind direction in San Carlos throughout the winter is predominantly from the east, with a peak proportion of 97% on February 24.

Wind Direction in the Winter in San Carlos

Wind Direction in the Winter in San CarlosDecJanFeb0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%FallSpringeastwestnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

San Carlos is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average surface water temperature in San Carlos is essentially constant during the winter, remaining within 1°F of 81°F throughout.

The lowest average surface water temperature during the winter is 80°F on February 9.

Average Water Temperature in the Winter in San Carlos

Average Water Temperature in the Winter in San CarlosDecJanFeb78°F78°F79°F79°F80°F80°F81°F81°F82°F82°F83°F83°F84°F84°FFallSpringFeb 980°FFeb 980°FDec 181°FDec 181°FFeb 2880°FFeb 2880°FJan 181°FJan 181°F
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in San Carlos are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Winter in San Carlos

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Winter in San CarlosDecJanFeb0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%FallSpring100%Jan 15100%Jan 15comfortablewarmhotsweltering
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in San Carlos are very rapidly decreasing during the winter, decreasing by 8,375°F, from 10,044°F to 1,669°F, over the course of the season.

Growing Degree Days in the Winter in San Carlos

Growing Degree Days in the Winter in San CarlosDecJanFeb2,000°F2,000°F4,000°F4,000°F6,000°F6,000°F8,000°F8,000°F10,000°F10,000°FFallSpringDec 110,044°FDec 110,044°FFeb 271,669°FFeb 271,669°FJan 11°FJan 11°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the winter, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in San Carlos is rapidly increasing during the winter, rising by 1.8 kWh, from 5.0 kWh to 6.8 kWh, over the course of the season.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Winter in San Carlos

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Winter in San CarlosDecJanFeb0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWhFallSpringDec 15.0 kWhDec 15.0 kWhFeb 286.8 kWhFeb 286.8 kWhJan 15.6 kWhJan 15.6 kWhFeb 16.2 kWhFeb 16.2 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of San Carlos are 11.124 deg latitude, -84.778 deg longitude, and 167 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of San Carlos contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 223 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 117 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (551 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (6,506 feet).

The area within 2 miles of San Carlos is covered by water (54%), trees (32%), and cropland (11%), within 10 miles by water (50%) and trees (28%), and within 50 miles by trees (41%) and water (27%).

This report illustrates the typical weather in San Carlos, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

San Carlos is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of San Carlos, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

Please review our full terms contained on our Terms of Service page.