Winter Weather in San Carlos Nicaragua
Daily high temperatures increase by 6°F, from 86°F to 91°F, rarely falling below 81°F or exceeding 95°F.
Daily low temperatures are around 73°F, rarely falling below 70°F or exceeding 76°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 73°F on January 29.
For reference, on April 8, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in San Carlos typically range from 75°F to 95°F, while on January 22, the coldest day of the year, they range from 73°F to 88°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in the Winter in San Carlos
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average winter temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in the Winter in San Carlos
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Vadakku Valliyūr, India (10,637 miles away); Trang, Thailand (11,124 miles); and Angeles City, Philippines (9,936 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to San Carlos (view comparison).
The winter in San Carlos experiences very rapidly decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 52% to 36%. The lowest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 28% on January 2.
The clearest day of the winter is January 2, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 72% of the time.
For reference, on June 7, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 90%, while on January 1, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 72%.
Cloud Cover Categories in the Winter in San Carlos
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In San Carlos, the chance of a wet day over the course of the winter is very rapidly decreasing, starting the season at 14% and ending it at 4%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 43% on September 30, and its lowest chance is 2% on March 17.
Probability of Precipitation in the Winter in San Carlos
To show variation within the season and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during the winter in San Carlos is rapidly decreasing, starting the season at 1.2 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.0 inches or falls below 0.1 inches, and ending the season at 0.2 inches, when it rarely exceeds 0.5 inches.
The lowest average 31-day accumulation is 0.2 inches on February 6.
Average Monthly Rainfall in the Winter in San Carlos
Over the course of the winter in San Carlos, the length of the day is gradually increasing. From the start to the end of the season, the length of the day increases by 23 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 16 seconds, and weekly increase of 1 minute, 49 seconds.
The shortest day of the winter is December 22, with 11 hours, 29 minutes of daylight and the longest day is February 28, with 11 hours, 54 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Winter in San Carlos
The earliest sunrise of the winter in San Carlos is 5:42 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 21 minutes later at 6:03 AM on January 26.
The earliest sunset is 5:13 PM on December 1 and the latest sunset is 35 minutes later at 5:48 PM on February 28.
Daylight saving time is not observed in San Carlos during 2022.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:17 AM and sets 12 hours, 47 minutes later, at 6:04 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 5:53 AM and sets 11 hours, 29 minutes later, at 5:21 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in the Winter in San Carlos
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for the winter of 2022. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Winter in San Carlos
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in San Carlos is very rapidly decreasing during the winter, falling from 99% to 75% over the course of the season.
For reference, on September 15, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 100% of the time, while on March 16, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 71% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in the Winter in San Carlos
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in San Carlos is increasing during the winter, increasing from 4.6 miles per hour to 5.9 miles per hour over the course of the season.
For reference, on February 25, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.9 miles per hour, while on October 1, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 2.9 miles per hour.
The highest daily average wind speed during the winter is 5.9 miles per hour on February 26.
Average Wind Speed in the Winter in San Carlos
The hourly average wind direction in San Carlos throughout the winter is predominantly from the east, with a peak proportion of 97% on February 24.
Wind Direction in the Winter in San Carlos
San Carlos is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in San Carlos is essentially constant during the winter, remaining within 1°F of 81°F throughout.
The lowest average surface water temperature during the winter is 80°F on February 9.
Average Water Temperature in the Winter in San Carlos
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in San Carlos are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Winter in San Carlos
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in San Carlos are very rapidly decreasing during the winter, decreasing by 8,375°F, from 10,044°F to 1,669°F, over the course of the season.
Growing Degree Days in the Winter in San Carlos
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in San Carlos is rapidly increasing during the winter, rising by 1.8 kWh, from 5.0 kWh to 6.8 kWh, over the course of the season.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Winter in San Carlos
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of San Carlos are 11.124 deg latitude, -84.778 deg longitude, and 167 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of San Carlos contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 223 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 117 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (551 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (6,506 feet).
The area within 2 miles of San Carlos is covered by water (54%), trees (32%), and cropland (11%), within 10 miles by water (50%) and trees (28%), and within 50 miles by trees (41%) and water (27%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in San Carlos, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
San Carlos is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of San Carlos, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
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