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Fall Weather at Papa Hungary

Daily high temperatures decrease by 32°F, from 73°F to 41°F, rarely falling below 30°F or exceeding 83°F.

Daily low temperatures decrease by 24°F, from 55°F to 31°F, rarely falling below 20°F or exceeding 61°F.

For reference, on August 3, the hottest day of the year, temperatures at Papa typically range from 59°F to 79°F, while on January 13, the coldest day of the year, they range from 25°F to 36°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in the Fall at Papa

Average High and Low Temperature in the Fall at PapaSepOctNov10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°FSummerWinterSep 173°FSep 173°F55°F55°FNov 3041°FNov 3041°F31°F31°FOct 164°FOct 164°F47°F47°FNov 152°FNov 152°F38°F38°F
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average fall temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in the Fall at Papa

Average Hourly Temperature in the Fall at PapaSepOctNov12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMSummerWinterfreezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Rainelle, United States (4,704 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Papa (view comparison).

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The fall at Papa experiences very rapidly increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 39% to 65%.

The clearest day of the fall is September 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 61% of the time.

For reference, on December 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 66%, while on July 18, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 70%.

Cloud Cover Categories in the Fall at Papa

Cloud Cover Categories in the Fall at PapaSepOctNov0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%SummerWinterSep 161%Sep 161%Nov 3035%Nov 3035%Oct 154%Oct 154%Nov 145%Nov 145%clearmostly clearpartly cloudyovercastmostly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. At Papa, the chance of a wet day over the course of the fall is decreasing, starting the season at 24% and ending it at 19%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 29% on June 8, and its lowest chance is 13% on January 23.

Over the course of the fall at Papa, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 25% to 15%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain increases from 0% to 2%, and the chance of a day with only snow increases from 0% to 2%.

Probability of Precipitation in the Fall at Papa

Probability of Precipitation in the Fall at PapaSepOctNov0%0%5%5%10%10%15%15%20%20%25%25%SummerWinterSep 124%Sep 124%Nov 3019%Nov 3019%Oct 118%Oct 118%Nov 120%Nov 120%snowmixedrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the season and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during the fall at Papa is decreasing, starting the season at 2.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.2 inches or falls below 0.7 inches, and ending the season at 1.2 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.3 inches or falls below 0.3 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Fall at Papa

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Fall at PapaSepOctNov0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 inSummerWinterSep 12.1 inSep 12.1 inNov 301.2 inNov 301.2 inOct 11.7 inOct 11.7 inNov 11.5 inNov 11.5 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.

Snowfall

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day snowfall during the fall at Papa is increasing, starting the season at -0.0 inches, when it rarely exceeds -0.0 inches or falls below -0.0 inches, and ending the season at 2.6 inches, when it rarely exceeds 9.4 inches or falls below -0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Snowfall in the Fall at Papa

Average Monthly Snowfall in the Fall at PapaSepOctNov0 in0 in2 in2 in4 in4 in6 in6 in8 in8 in10 in10 inSummerWinterSep 1-0.0 inSep 1-0.0 inNov 302.6 inNov 302.6 inOct 10.0 inOct 10.0 inNov 10.8 inNov 10.8 in
The average snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Over the course of the fall at Papa, the length of the day is very rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the season, the length of the day decreases by 4 hours, 32 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 3 minutes, 1 second, and weekly decrease of 21 minutes, 10 seconds.

The shortest day of the fall is November 30, with 8 hours, 48 minutes of daylight and the longest day is September 1, with 13 hours, 20 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Fall at Papa

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Fall at PapaSepOctNov0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hrSummerWinterSep 2212 hr, 10 minSep 2212 hr, 10 minnightnightdaydayNov 308 hr, 48 minNov 308 hr, 48 minNov 19 hr, 59 minNov 19 hr, 59 min
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise of the fall at Papa is 6:09 AM on September 1 and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 15 minutes later at 7:24 AM on October 26.

The latest sunset is 7:29 PM on September 1 and the earliest sunset is 3 hours, 27 minutes earlier at 4:02 PM on November 30.

Daylight saving time (DST) starts at 2:00 AM on October 27, 2024, shifting sunrise and sunset to be an hour later.

For reference, on June 20, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 4:53 AM and sets 15 hours, 56 minutes later, at 8:49 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:33 AM and sets 8 hours, 29 minutes later, at 4:02 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in the Fall at Papa

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in the Fall at PapaSepOctNov12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMSummerWinter6:09 AM6:09 AMSep 17:29 PMSep 17:29 PM7:14 AM7:14 AMNov 304:02 PMNov 304:02 PM7:24 AM7:24 AMOct 265:42 PMOct 265:42 PM6:49 AM6:49 AMOct 16:28 PMOct 16:28 PMDSTOct 27DSTOct 27SolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day in the fall. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in the Fall at Papa

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in the Fall at PapaSepOctNov12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMSummerWinter0020300010103040
northeastsouthwest
Solar elevation and azimuth in the the fall of 2024. The black lines are lines of constant solar elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon, in degrees). The background color fills indicate the azimuth (the compass bearing) of the sun. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries of the cardinal compass points indicate the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for the fall of 2024. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Fall at Papa

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Fall at PapaSepOctNov12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMSummerWinterAug 41:14 PMAug 41:14 PMAug 198:26 PMAug 198:26 PMSep 33:56 AMSep 33:56 AMSep 184:35 AMSep 184:35 AMOct 28:50 PMOct 28:50 PMOct 171:27 PMOct 171:27 PMNov 11:48 PMNov 11:48 PMNov 1510:29 PMNov 1510:29 PMDec 17:22 AMDec 17:22 AMDec 1510:02 AMDec 1510:02 AMDec 3011:28 PMDec 3011:28 PM8:46 PM8:46 PM8:07 PM8:07 PM6:22 AM6:22 AM6:17 AM6:17 AM7:43 PM7:43 PM6:49 PM6:49 PM6:41 AM6:41 AM6:19 AM6:19 AM6:18 PM6:18 PM5:47 PM5:47 PM8:27 AM8:27 AM6:28 AM6:28 AM3:35 PM3:35 PM7:49 AM7:49 AM7:46 AM7:46 AM7:41 AM7:41 AM3:13 PM3:13 PM
The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy at Papa is essentially constant during the fall, remaining within 1% of 1% throughout.

For reference, on July 26, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 8% of the time, while on October 11, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Fall at Papa

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Fall at PapaSepOctNov0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%SummerWinterSep 12%Sep 12%Nov 300%Nov 300%Oct 10%Oct 10%Nov 10%Nov 10%humidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydrymuggymuggy
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Papa is gradually increasing during the fall, increasing from 8.3 miles per hour to 9.1 miles per hour over the course of the season.

For reference, on February 21, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 10.2 miles per hour, while on August 10, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.7 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in the Fall at Papa

Average Wind Speed in the Fall at PapaSepOctNov0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mphSummerWinterSep 18.3 mphSep 18.3 mphNov 309.1 mphNov 309.1 mphOct 18.6 mphOct 18.6 mphNov 19.1 mphNov 19.1 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The wind direction at Papa during the fall is predominantly out of the north from September 1 to September 24 and the south from September 24 to November 30.

Wind Direction in the Fall at Papa

Wind Direction in the Fall at PapaNSSepOctNov0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%SummerWintersouthnorthwesteast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Papa typically lasts for 6.3 months (194 days), from around April 12 to around October 22, rarely starting before March 22 or after May 3, and rarely ending before October 6 or after November 8.

During the fall at Papa, the chance that a given day is within the growing season is very rapidly decreasing falling from 100% to -0% over the course of the season.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Fall at Papa

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Fall at Papagrowing seasonSepOctNov0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%SummerWinter100%Sep 1100%Sep 1Nov 30-0%Nov 30-0%97%Oct 197%Oct 1Nov 123%Nov 123%Sep 12100%Sep 12100%freezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotfrigid
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days at Papa are rapidly increasing during the fall, increasing by 461°F, from 2,083°F to 2,543°F, over the course of the season.

Growing Degree Days in the Fall at Papa

Growing Degree Days in the Fall at PapaSepOctNov1,800°F1,800°F2,000°F2,000°F2,200°F2,200°F2,400°F2,400°F2,600°F2,600°F2,800°F2,800°FSummerWinterSep 12,083°FSep 12,083°FNov 302,543°FNov 302,543°FOct 12,394°FOct 12,394°FNov 12,520°FNov 12,520°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the fall, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy at Papa is very rapidly decreasing during the fall, falling by 3.9 kWh, from 5.0 kWh to 1.2 kWh, over the course of the season.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Fall at Papa

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Fall at PapaSepOctNov0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWhSummerWinterSep 15.0 kWhSep 15.0 kWhNov 301.2 kWhNov 301.2 kWhOct 13.6 kWhOct 13.6 kWhNov 12.1 kWhNov 12.1 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Papa are 47.200 deg latitude, 17.500 deg longitude, and 755 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Papa contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 463 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 765 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,322 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,136 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Papa is covered by cropland (37%), trees (34%), and grassland (27%), within 10 miles by cropland (50%) and trees (37%), and within 50 miles by cropland (56%) and trees (25%).

This report illustrates the typical weather at Papa, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Papa has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Győr-Pér International Airport, Siófok-Kiliti Airport, Bratislava Airport, Szombathely, Kaposvar, Taszar, Nitra, and Vienna International Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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