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Spring Weather in Roxby Downs South Australia, Australia

Daily high temperatures increase by 18°F, from 71°F to 89°F, rarely falling below 62°F or exceeding 101°F.

Daily low temperatures increase by 16°F, from 50°F to 66°F, rarely falling below 43°F or exceeding 76°F.

For reference, on January 12, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Roxby Downs typically range from 71°F to 95°F, while on July 7, the coldest day of the year, they range from 44°F to 63°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in the Spring in Roxby Downs

Average High and Low Temperature in the Spring in Roxby DownsSepOctNov40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°F110°F110°FWinterSummerSep 171°FSep 171°F50°F50°FNov 3089°FNov 3089°F66°F66°FOct 178°FOct 178°F55°F55°FNov 184°FNov 184°F61°F61°F
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average spring temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in the Spring in Roxby Downs

Average Hourly Temperature in the Spring in Roxby DownsSepOctNov12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMWinterSummercoldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmwarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Wildwood, Texas, United States (9,420 miles away) and Thomasville, Georgia, United States (10,033 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Roxby Downs (view comparison).

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The spring in Roxby Downs experiences rapidly increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 14% to 29%. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 30% on November 21.

The clearest day of the spring is September 11, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 87% of the time.

For reference, on November 21, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 30%, while on August 9, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 88%.

Cloud Cover Categories in the Spring in Roxby Downs

Cloud Cover Categories in the Spring in Roxby DownsSepOctNov0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%WinterSummerAug 988%Aug 988%Sep 186%Sep 186%Nov 3071%Nov 3071%Oct 184%Oct 184%Nov 172%Nov 172%clearmostly clearovercastpartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Roxby Downs, the chance of a wet day over the course of the spring is essentially constant, remaining around 6% throughout.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 9% on June 1, and its lowest chance is 4% on April 9.

Probability of Precipitation in the Spring in Roxby Downs

Probability of Precipitation in the Spring in Roxby DownsSepOctNov0%0%1%1%2%2%3%3%4%4%5%5%6%6%7%7%8%8%WinterSummerSep 16%Sep 16%Nov 307%Nov 307%Oct 16%Oct 16%Nov 16%Nov 16%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the season and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during the spring in Roxby Downs is essentially constant, remaining about 0.4 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 1.3 inches or falling below -0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Spring in Roxby Downs

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Spring in Roxby DownsSepOctNov0.0 in0.0 in0.2 in0.2 in0.4 in0.4 in0.6 in0.6 in0.8 in0.8 in1.0 in1.0 in1.2 in1.2 in1.4 in1.4 inWinterSummerSep 10.3 inSep 10.3 inNov 300.5 inNov 300.5 inOct 10.4 inOct 10.4 inNov 10.4 inNov 10.4 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.

Over the course of the spring in Roxby Downs, the length of the day is very rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the season, the length of the day increases by 2 hours, 29 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 1 minute, 39 seconds, and weekly increase of 11 minutes, 33 seconds.

The shortest day of the spring is September 1, with 11 hours, 29 minutes of daylight and the longest day is November 30, with 13 hours, 58 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Spring in Roxby Downs

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Spring in Roxby DownsSepOctNov0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hrWinterSummerSep 2212 hr, 7 minSep 2212 hr, 7 mindaydaydaydaynightNov 3013 hr, 58 minNov 3013 hr, 58 minNov 113 hr, 19 minNov 113 hr, 19 min
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise of the spring in Roxby Downs is 5:55 AM on October 5 and the latest sunrise is 59 minutes later at 6:54 AM on October 6.

The earliest sunset is 6:07 PM on September 1 and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 3 minutes later at 8:10 PM on November 30.

Daylight saving time (DST) ends at 3:00 AM on October 6, 2024, shifting sunrise and sunset to be an hour earlier.

For reference, on December 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:16 AM and sets 14 hours, 8 minutes later, at 8:24 PM, while on June 20, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:18 AM and sets 10 hours, 10 minutes later, at 5:29 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in the Spring in Roxby Downs

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in the Spring in Roxby DownsSepOctNov2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMWinterSummer5:55 AM5:55 AMOct 56:26 PMOct 56:26 PM6:12 AM6:12 AMNov 308:10 PMNov 308:10 PM6:38 AM6:38 AMSep 16:07 PMSep 16:07 PM6:26 AM6:26 AMNov 17:45 PMNov 17:45 PMOct 6DSTOct 6DSTSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day in the spring. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in the Spring in Roxby Downs

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in the Spring in Roxby DownsSepOctNov12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMWinterSummer002020303050506080001010303040406070
northeastsouthwest
Solar elevation and azimuth in the the spring of 2024. The black lines are lines of constant solar elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon, in degrees). The background color fills indicate the azimuth (the compass bearing) of the sun. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries of the cardinal compass points indicate the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for the spring of 2024. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Spring in Roxby Downs

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Spring in Roxby DownsSepOctNov12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMWinterSummerAug 48:44 PMAug 48:44 PMAug 203:56 AMAug 203:56 AMSep 311:26 AMSep 311:26 AMSep 1812:05 PMSep 1812:05 PMOct 34:20 AMOct 34:20 AMOct 179:57 PMOct 179:57 PMNov 111:18 PMNov 111:18 PMNov 167:59 AMNov 167:59 AMDec 14:52 PMDec 14:52 PMDec 157:32 PMDec 157:32 PMDec 318:57 AMDec 318:57 AM5:33 PM5:33 PM5:22 PM5:22 PM7:13 AM7:13 AM6:42 AM6:42 AM5:19 PM5:19 PM6:16 AM6:16 AM6:02 AM6:02 AM6:52 PM6:52 PM7:24 PM7:24 PM6:51 AM6:51 AM5:58 AM5:58 AM7:36 PM7:36 PM7:22 PM7:22 PM6:02 AM6:02 AM5:40 AM5:40 AM8:25 PM8:25 PM8:33 PM8:33 PM6:29 AM6:29 AM9:05 PM9:05 PM
The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Roxby Downs is essentially constant during the spring, remaining within 1% of 1% throughout.

For reference, on January 24, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 4% of the time, while on May 12, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Spring in Roxby Downs

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Spring in Roxby DownsSepOctNov0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%WinterSummerSep 10%Sep 10%Nov 302%Nov 302%Oct 10%Oct 10%Nov 10%Nov 10%drydryhumidhumid
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Roxby Downs is increasing during the spring, increasing from 10.7 miles per hour to 11.8 miles per hour over the course of the season.

For reference, on November 26, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 11.8 miles per hour, while on May 18, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.6 miles per hour.

The highest daily average wind speed during the spring is 11.8 miles per hour on November 28.

Average Wind Speed in the Spring in Roxby Downs

Average Wind Speed in the Spring in Roxby DownsSepOctNov0 mph0 mph5 mph5 mph10 mph10 mph15 mph15 mphWinterSummerNov 2811.8 mphNov 2811.8 mphSep 110.7 mphSep 110.7 mphOct 111.6 mphOct 111.6 mphNov 111.7 mphNov 111.7 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The hourly average wind direction in Roxby Downs throughout the spring is predominantly from the south, with a peak proportion of 47% on November 27.

Wind Direction in the Spring in Roxby Downs

Wind Direction in the Spring in Roxby DownsNSSepOctNov0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%WinterSummerwestsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Roxby Downs are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Spring in Roxby Downs

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Spring in Roxby DownsSepOctNov0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%WinterSummer100%Oct 16100%Oct 16coldcoolcomfortablewarmhotswelteringvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in Roxby Downs are very rapidly increasing during the spring, increasing by 1,706°F, from 398°F to 2,104°F, over the course of the season.

Growing Degree Days in the Spring in Roxby Downs

Growing Degree Days in the Spring in Roxby DownsSepOctNov500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°FWinterSummerSep 1398°FSep 1398°FNov 302,104°FNov 302,104°FOct 1810°FOct 1810°FNov 11,402°FNov 11,402°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the spring, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Roxby Downs is very rapidly increasing during the spring, rising by 2.8 kWh, from 5.3 kWh to 8.1 kWh, over the course of the season.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Spring in Roxby Downs

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Spring in Roxby DownsSepOctNov0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWh10 kWh10 kWhWinterSummerSep 15.3 kWhSep 15.3 kWhNov 308.1 kWhNov 308.1 kWhOct 16.6 kWhOct 16.6 kWhNov 17.6 kWhNov 17.6 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Roxby Downs are -30.563 deg latitude, 136.895 deg longitude, and 351 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Roxby Downs contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 108 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 359 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (315 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (741 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Roxby Downs is covered by sparse vegetation (80%) and artificial surfaces (19%), within 10 miles by sparse vegetation (83%) and grassland (12%), and within 50 miles by sparse vegetation (77%) and grassland (13%).

This report illustrates the typical weather in Roxby Downs, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, RAAF Woomera Airfield, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Roxby Downs.

At a distance of 65 kilometers from Roxby Downs, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Roxby Downs according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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