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Spring Weather in Dammam Saudi Arabia

Daily high temperatures increase by 29°F, from 76°F to 105°F, rarely falling below 68°F or exceeding 112°F.

Daily low temperatures increase by 24°F, from 57°F to 81°F, rarely falling below 50°F or exceeding 86°F.

For reference, on July 12, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Dammam typically range from 86°F to 109°F, while on January 14, the coldest day of the year, they range from 52°F to 69°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in the Spring in Dammam

Average High and Low Temperature in the Spring in DammamMarAprMay40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°F110°F110°FWinterSummerMar 176°FMar 176°F57°F57°FMay 31105°FMay 31105°F81°F81°FApr 184°FApr 184°F65°F65°FMay 196°FMay 196°F74°F74°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average spring temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in the Spring in Dammam

Average Hourly Temperature in the Spring in DammamMarAprMay12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMWinterSummerNowNowcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotswelteringcold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Chingueṭṭi, Mauritania (3,943 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Dammam (view comparison).

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The spring in Dammam experiences very rapidly decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 27% to 11%. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 34% on April 16.

The clearest day of the spring is May 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 89% of the time.

For reference, on August 11, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 44%, while on September 30, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 93%.

Cloud Cover Categories in the Spring in Dammam

Cloud Cover Categories in the Spring in DammamMarAprMay0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%WinterSummerSep 3093%Sep 3093%Mar 173%Mar 173%May 3189%May 3189%Apr 167%Apr 167%May 172%May 172%NowNowclearmostly clearovercastpartly cloudymostly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Dammam, the chance of a wet day over the course of the spring is decreasing, starting the season at 5% and ending it at 0%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 6% on March 13, and its lowest chance is 0% on July 4.

Probability of Precipitation in the Spring in Dammam

Probability of Precipitation in the Spring in DammamMarAprMay0%0%1%1%2%2%3%3%4%4%5%5%6%6%7%7%WinterSummerMar 136%Mar 136%May 310%May 310%Apr 14%Apr 14%May 11%May 11%NowNowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the season and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during the spring in Dammam is gradually decreasing, starting the season at 0.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.2 inches or falls below -0.0 inches, and ending the season at 0.0 inches, when it rarely exceeds 0.0 inches or falls below -0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Spring in Dammam

Average Monthly Rainfall in the Spring in DammamMarAprMay0.0 in0.0 in0.2 in0.2 in0.4 in0.4 in0.6 in0.6 in0.8 in0.8 in1.0 in1.0 in1.2 in1.2 in1.4 in1.4 inWinterSummerMar 10.4 inMar 10.4 inMay 310.0 inMay 310.0 inApr 10.2 inApr 10.2 inMay 10.0 inMay 10.0 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.

Over the course of the spring in Dammam, the length of the day is very rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the season, the length of the day increases by 2 hours, 3 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 1 minute, 21 seconds, and weekly increase of 9 minutes, 28 seconds.

The shortest day of the spring is March 1, with 11 hours, 38 minutes of daylight and the longest day is May 31, with 13 hours, 41 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Spring in Dammam

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in the Spring in DammamMarAprMay0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hrWinterSummerMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minnightnightdaydayMay 3113 hr, 41 minMay 3113 hr, 41 minMay 113 hr, 10 minMay 113 hr, 10 minNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The latest sunrise of the spring in Dammam is 6:02 AM on March 1 and the earliest sunrise is 1 hour, 16 minutes earlier at 4:46 AM on May 31.

The earliest sunset is 5:41 PM on March 1 and the latest sunset is 47 minutes later at 6:27 PM on May 31.

Daylight saving time is not observed in Dammam during 2024.

For reference, on June 20, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 4:47 AM and sets 13 hours, 48 minutes later, at 6:35 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:23 AM and sets 10 hours, 29 minutes later, at 4:52 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in the Spring in Dammam

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in the Spring in DammamMarAprMay12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PMWinterSummer4:46 AM4:46 AMMay 316:27 PMMay 316:27 PM6:02 AM6:02 AMMar 15:41 PMMar 15:41 PM5:30 AM5:30 AMApr 15:56 PMApr 15:56 PM5:01 AM5:01 AMMay 16:11 PMMay 16:11 PMSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day in the spring. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in the Spring in Dammam

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in the Spring in DammamMarAprMay12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMWinterSummer001020203030405050607080001010203030404050606070NowNow
northeastsouthwest
Solar elevation and azimuth in the the spring of 2024. The black lines are lines of constant solar elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon, in degrees). The background color fills indicate the azimuth (the compass bearing) of the sun. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries of the cardinal compass points indicate the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for the spring of 2024. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Spring in Dammam

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in the Spring in DammamMarAprMay12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMWinterSummerFeb 102:00 AMFeb 102:00 AMFeb 243:31 PMFeb 243:31 PMMar 1012:01 PMMar 1012:01 PMMar 2510:01 AMMar 2510:01 AMApr 89:22 PMApr 89:22 PMApr 242:50 AMApr 242:50 AMMay 86:23 AMMay 86:23 AMMay 234:54 PMMay 234:54 PMJun 63:38 PMJun 63:38 PMJun 224:09 AMJun 224:09 AM6:46 AM6:46 AM6:06 PM6:06 PM5:36 PM5:36 PM6:41 AM6:41 AM5:55 AM5:55 AM5:14 PM5:14 PM5:39 AM5:39 AM5:00 AM5:00 AM5:45 PM5:45 PM5:08 AM5:08 AM4:48 AM4:48 AM6:48 PM6:48 PM6:29 PM6:29 PM5:03 AM5:03 AM4:12 AM4:12 AM6:20 PM6:20 PM4:40 AM4:40 AMNowNow
The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Dammam is rapidly increasing during the spring, rising from 2% to 20% over the course of the season.

For reference, on August 28, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 61% of the time, while on January 30, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Spring in Dammam

Humidity Comfort Levels in the Spring in DammamMarAprMay0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%WinterSummerMar 12%Mar 12%May 3120%May 3120%Apr 17%Apr 17%May 116%May 116%NowNowmuggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydryoppressiveoppressivemiserablemiserable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Dammam is essentially constant during the spring, remaining within 0.7 miles per hour of 10.1 miles per hour throughout.

For reference, on June 20, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 11.6 miles per hour, while on October 3, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.2 miles per hour.

The lowest daily average wind speed during the spring is 9.4 miles per hour on April 22.

Average Wind Speed in the Spring in Dammam

Average Wind Speed in the Spring in DammamMarAprMay0 mph0 mph5 mph5 mph10 mph10 mph15 mph15 mphWinterSummerApr 229.4 mphApr 229.4 mphMar 110.8 mphMar 110.8 mphMay 3110.6 mphMay 3110.6 mphApr 110.0 mphApr 110.0 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The hourly average wind direction in Dammam throughout the spring is predominantly from the north, with a peak proportion of 68% on May 30.

Wind Direction in the Spring in Dammam

Wind Direction in the Spring in DammamMarAprMay0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%WinterSummerNowNowsoutheastnorthwest
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Dammam is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average surface water temperature in Dammam is very rapidly increasing during the spring, rising by 17°F, from 66°F to 83°F, over the course of the season.

Average Water Temperature in the Spring in Dammam

Average Water Temperature in the Spring in DammamMarAprMay60°F60°F65°F65°F70°F70°F75°F75°F80°F80°F85°F85°F90°F90°FWinterSummerMar 166°FMar 166°FMay 3183°FMay 3183°FApr 170°FApr 170°FMay 177°FMay 177°FNowNow
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Dammam are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Spring in Dammam

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in the Spring in DammamMarAprMay0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%WinterSummer100%Apr 16100%Apr 16NowNowcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotsweltering
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in Dammam are very rapidly increasing during the spring, increasing by 2,462°F, from 713°F to 3,175°F, over the course of the season.

Growing Degree Days in the Spring in Dammam

Growing Degree Days in the Spring in DammamMarAprMay1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°F2,500°F2,500°F3,000°F3,000°FWinterSummerMar 1713°FMar 1713°FMay 313,175°FMay 313,175°FApr 11,324°FApr 11,324°FMay 12,162°FMay 12,162°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the spring, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Dammam is very rapidly increasing during the spring, rising by 2.6 kWh, from 5.3 kWh to 7.9 kWh, over the course of the season.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Spring in Dammam

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in the Spring in DammamMarAprMay0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhWinterSummerMar 15.3 kWhMar 15.3 kWhMay 317.9 kWhMay 317.9 kWhApr 16.1 kWhApr 16.1 kWhMay 16.9 kWhMay 16.9 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Dammam are 26.434 deg latitude, 50.103 deg longitude, and 33 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Dammam contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 157 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 28 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (640 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (830 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Dammam is covered by artificial surfaces (70%) and bare soil (24%), within 10 miles by water (35%) and artificial surfaces (31%), and within 50 miles by water (52%) and bare soil (44%).

This report illustrates the typical weather in Dammam, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, King Abdulaziz Air Base, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Dammam.

At a distance of 19 kilometers from Dammam, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Dammam according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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