Average Weather in March in Saint Joseph Minnesota, United States
Daily high temperatures increase by 15°F, from 32°F to 47°F, rarely falling below 16°F or exceeding 62°F.
Daily low temperatures increase by 14°F, from 15°F to 28°F, rarely falling below -5°F or exceeding 40°F.
For reference, on July 18, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Saint Joseph typically range from 61°F to 82°F, while on January 20, the coldest day of the year, they range from 5°F to 21°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in March
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on March. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in March
The month of March in Saint Joseph experiences gradually decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 58% to 54%.
The clearest day of the month is March 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 46% of the time.
For reference, on February 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 61%, while on July 28, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 72%.
Cloud Cover Categories in March
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Saint Joseph, the chance of a wet day over the course of March is rapidly increasing, starting the month at 12% and ending it at 18%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 41% on June 20, and its lowest chance is 7% on January 28.
Over the course of March in Saint Joseph, the chance of a day with only rain increases from 3% to 12%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain increases from 1% to 4%, and the chance of a day with only snow decreases from 7% to 2%.
Probability of Precipitation in March
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during March in Saint Joseph is increasing, starting the month at 0.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 0.8 inches, and ending the month at 1.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.7 inches or falls below 0.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in March
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during March in Saint Joseph is essentially constant, remaining about 0.4 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 1.2 inches or falling to 0.0 inches.
The highest average 31-day liquid-equivalent accumulation is 0.5 inches on March 4.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in March
Over the course of March in Saint Joseph, the length of the day is rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 1 hour, 36 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 3 minutes, 13 seconds, and weekly increase of 22 minutes, 29 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is March 1, with 11 hours, 9 minutes of daylight and the longest day is March 31, with 12 hours, 45 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in March
The earliest sunrise of the month in Saint Joseph is 6:39 AM on March 10 and the latest sunrise is 58 minutes later at 7:37 AM on March 11.
The earliest sunset is 6:04 PM on March 1 and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 40 minutes later at 7:44 PM on March 31.
Daylight saving time (DST) starts at 3:00 AM on March 11, 2018, shifting sunrise and sunset to be an hour later.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:28 AM and sets 15 hours, 42 minutes later, at 9:09 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:54 AM and sets 8 hours, 42 minutes later, at 4:36 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in March
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Saint Joseph is essentially constant during March, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 20, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 27% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in March
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Saint Joseph is essentially constant during March, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 12.3 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on April 2, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 12.6 miles per hour, while on August 1, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.8 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in March
Wind Direction in March
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Saint Joseph typically lasts for 4.9 months (148 days), from around May 5 to around October 1, rarely starting before April 16 or after May 25, and rarely ending before September 13 or after October 18.
The month of March in Saint Joseph is reliably fully outside of the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in March
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Saint Joseph are essentially constant during March, remaining within 6°F of 7°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in March
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Saint Joseph is increasing during March, rising by 1.2 kWh, from 3.3 kWh to 4.5 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in March
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Saint Joseph are 45.565 deg latitude, -94.318 deg longitude, and 1,089 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Saint Joseph contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 161 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,093 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (495 feet). Within 50 miles also contains significant variations in elevation (692 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Saint Joseph is covered by cropland (79%) and artificial surfaces (14%), within 10 miles by cropland (62%) and trees (24%), and within 50 miles by cropland (73%) and trees (19%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Saint Joseph year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Saint Joseph.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Saint Joseph according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Saint Joseph is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Saint Joseph and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: St. Cloud Regional Airport (50%, 21 kilometers, east); Paynesville Municipal Airport (19%, 40 kilometers, southwest); Little Falls, Little Falls/Morrison County Airport-Lindbergh Field (17%, 43 kilometers, north); and Litchfield Municipal Airport (14%, 49 kilometers, south).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.