Average Weather in July in Rockville Minnesota, United States
Daily high temperatures are around 81°F, rarely falling below 71°F or exceeding 90°F. The highest daily average high temperature is 82°F on July 18.
Daily low temperatures are around 60°F, rarely falling below 51°F or exceeding 70°F. The highest daily average low temperature is 61°F on July 20.
For reference, on July 18, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Rockville typically range from 61°F to 82°F, while on January 20, the coldest day of the year, they range from 5°F to 21°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in July
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on July. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in July
The month of July in Rockville experiences gradually decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 34% to 28%.
The clearest day of the month is July 28, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 72% of the time.
For reference, on February 6, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 61%, while on July 28, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 72%.
Cloud Cover Categories in July
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Rockville, the chance of a wet day over the course of July is decreasing, starting the month at 37% and ending it at 32%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 40% on June 13, and its lowest chance is 7% on January 28.
Probability of Precipitation in July
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during July in Rockville is decreasing, starting the month at 3.8 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.1 inches or falls below 1.2 inches, and ending the month at 3.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 5.4 inches or falls below 1.2 inches.
The lowest average 31-day accumulation is 3.1 inches on July 30.
Average Monthly Rainfall in July
Over the course of July in Rockville, the length of the day is decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 51 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 1 minute, 41 seconds, and weekly decrease of 11 minutes, 49 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is July 31, with 14 hours, 46 minutes of daylight and the longest day is July 1, with 15 hours, 37 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in July
The earliest sunrise of the month in Rockville is 5:32 AM on July 1 and the latest sunrise is 28 minutes later at 6:00 AM on July 31.
The latest sunset is 9:09 PM on July 1 and the earliest sunset is 23 minutes earlier at 8:46 PM on July 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Rockville during 2018, but it neither starts nor ends during July, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:28 AM and sets 15 hours, 41 minutes later, at 9:09 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:54 AM and sets 8 hours, 42 minutes later, at 4:36 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in July
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Rockville is increasing during July, rising from 20% to 27% over the course of the month.
The highest chance of a muggy day during July is 29% on July 20.
For reference, on July 20, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 29% of the time, while on November 15, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in July
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Rockville is gradually decreasing during July, decreasing from 9.7 miles per hour to 8.7 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on April 2, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 12.6 miles per hour, while on August 1, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in July
Wind Direction in July
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Rockville typically lasts for 5.0 months (151 days), from around May 3 to around October 2, rarely starting before April 15 or after May 23, and rarely ending before September 14 or after October 19.
The month of July in Rockville is reliably fully within the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in July
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Rockville are rapidly increasing during July, increasing by 609°F, from 856°F to 1,465°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in July
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Rockville is essentially constant during July, remaining within 0.2 kWh of 6.9 kWh throughout.
The highest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during July is 7.1 kWh on July 10.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in July
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Rockville are 45.472 deg latitude, -94.341 deg longitude, and 1,122 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Rockville contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 184 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,116 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (499 feet). Within 50 miles also contains significant variations in elevation (659 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Rockville is covered by cropland (67%) and trees (33%), within 10 miles by cropland (69%) and trees (20%), and within 50 miles by cropland (77%) and trees (15%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Rockville year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Rockville.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Rockville according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Rockville is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Rockville and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: St. Cloud Regional Airport (34%, 24 kilometers, east); Paynesville Municipal Airport (21%, 34 kilometers, west); Maple Lake Municipal Airport (17%, 38 kilometers, southeast); Litchfield Municipal Airport (17%, 38 kilometers, south); and Little Falls, Little Falls/Morrison County Airport-Lindbergh Field (11%, 53 kilometers, north).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.