January Weather in Kansas City Missouri, United States
Daily high temperatures are around 41°F, rarely falling below 23°F or exceeding 60°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 40°F on January 4.
Daily low temperatures are around 24°F, rarely falling below 7°F or exceeding 38°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 24°F on January 6.
For reference, on July 21, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Kansas City typically range from 73°F to 90°F, while on January 6, the coldest day of the year, they range from 24°F to 40°F.
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on January. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Lintong, China (7,145 miles away); Zhu Cheng City, China (6,822 miles); and Gwangju, South Korea (6,671 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Kansas City (view comparison).
The month of January in Kansas City experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 48% throughout the month. The lowest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 47% on January 12.
The clearest day of the month is January 12, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 53% of the time.
For reference, on February 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 52%, while on August 26, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 72%.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Kansas City, the chance of a wet day over the course of January is essentially constant, remaining around 12% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 45% on June 8, and its lowest chance is 10% on January 12.
Over the course of January in Kansas City, the chance of a day with only rain remains an essentially constant 6% throughout, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 2% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 4% throughout.
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during January in Kansas City is essentially constant, remaining about 0.7 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 1.9 inches.
The lowest average 31-day accumulation is 0.6 inches on January 14.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day snowfall during January in Kansas City is gradually increasing, starting the month at 2.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 7.8 inches or falls below -0.0 inches, and ending the month at 3.2 inches, when it rarely exceeds 7.8 inches or falls below -0.0 inches.
The highest average 31-day accumulation is 3.2 inches on January 31.
Over the course of January in Kansas City, the length of the day is increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 43 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 1 minute, 26 seconds, and weekly increase of 10 minutes, 5 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is January 1, with 9 hours, 29 minutes of daylight and the longest day is January 31, with 10 hours, 12 minutes of daylight.
The latest sunrise of the month in Kansas City is 7:37 AM on January 5 and the earliest sunrise is 12 minutes earlier at 7:25 AM on January 31.
The earliest sunset is 5:06 PM on January 1 and the latest sunset is 32 minutes later at 5:37 PM on January 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Kansas City during 2023, but it neither starts nor ends during January, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:52 AM and sets 14 hours, 55 minutes later, at 8:47 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:34 AM and sets 9 hours, 25 minutes later, at 4:59 PM.
The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for January 2023. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Kansas City is essentially constant during January, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 23, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 67% of the time, while on December 2, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Kansas City is essentially constant during January, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 11.2 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on April 1, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 12.6 miles per hour, while on August 7, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.9 miles per hour.
The hourly average wind direction in Kansas City throughout January is predominantly from the north, with a peak proportion of 35% on January 28.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Kansas City typically lasts for 7.0 months (214 days), from around April 3 to around November 2, rarely starting before March 13 or after April 21, and rarely ending before October 15 or after November 20.
The month of January in Kansas City is reliably fully outside of the growing season.
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Kansas City are essentially constant during January, remaining within 6°F of 7°F throughout.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Kansas City is gradually increasing during January, rising by 0.6 kWh, from 2.2 kWh to 2.8 kWh, over the course of the month.
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kansas City are 39.100 deg latitude, -94.579 deg longitude, and 899 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Kansas City contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 285 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 830 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (377 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (531 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Kansas City is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (82%) and trees (12%), and within 50 miles by cropland (72%) and trees (14%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Kansas City, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Kansas City.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Kansas City according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Kansas City is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Kansas City and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:
To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Kansas City and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
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