Average Weather in October in Arma Kansas, United States
Daily high temperatures decrease by 11°F, from 76°F to 65°F, rarely falling below 51°F or exceeding 86°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 9°F, from 54°F to 45°F, rarely falling below 32°F or exceeding 66°F.
For reference, on July 21, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Arma typically range from 71°F to 91°F, while on January 22, the coldest day of the year, they range from 26°F to 45°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in October
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on October. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in October
The month of October in Arma experiences increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 30% to 38%.
The clearest day of the month is October 5, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 71% of the time.
For reference, on February 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 50%, while on September 19, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 72%.
Cloud Cover Categories in October
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Arma, the chance of a wet day over the course of October is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 26% and ending it at 23%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 46% on June 4, and its lowest chance is 12% on January 12.
Probability of Precipitation in October
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during October in Arma is decreasing, starting the month at 3.9 inches, when it rarely exceeds 7.5 inches or falls below 1.0 inches, and ending the month at 3.2 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.7 inches or falls below 0.9 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in October
Over the course of October in Arma, the length of the day is rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1 hour, 9 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 2 minutes, 18 seconds, and weekly decrease of 16 minutes, 3 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is October 31, with 10 hours, 39 minutes of daylight and the longest day is October 1, with 11 hours, 48 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October
The earliest sunrise of the month in Arma is 7:14 AM on October 1 and the latest sunrise is 28 minutes later at 7:42 AM on October 31.
The latest sunset is 7:02 PM on October 1 and the earliest sunset is 40 minutes earlier at 6:21 PM on October 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Arma during 2019, but it neither starts nor ends during October, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:57 AM and sets 14 hours, 46 minutes later, at 8:43 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:30 AM and sets 9 hours, 34 minutes later, at 5:04 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in October
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Arma is rapidly decreasing during October, falling from 17% to 3% over the course of the month.
For reference, on July 22, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 83% of the time, while on December 21, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in October
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The average hourly wind speed in Arma is increasing during October, increasing from 9.5 miles per hour to 10.6 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on April 1, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 12.2 miles per hour, while on August 4, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in October
Wind Direction in October
The growing season in Arma typically lasts for 6.8 months (209 days), from around April 3 to around October 29, rarely starting before March 17 or after April 20, and rarely ending before October 11 or after November 19.
During October in Arma, the chance that a given day is within the growing season is very rapidly decreasing falling from 97% to 46% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October
The average accumulated growing degree days in Arma are increasing during October, increasing by 324°F, from 4,151°F to 4,475°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in October
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Arma is decreasing during October, falling by 1.4 kWh, from 4.8 kWh to 3.4 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Arma are 37.544 deg latitude, -94.700 deg longitude, and 968 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Arma contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 141 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 976 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (276 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (640 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Arma is covered by cropland (79%) and grassland (12%), within 10 miles by cropland (66%) and trees (21%), and within 50 miles by cropland (78%) and trees (14%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Arma year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Arma.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Arma according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Arma is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Arma and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Atkinson Municipal Airport (90%, 11 kilometers, south); Chanute Martin Johnson Airport (6%, 71 kilometers, west); Clinton Memorial Airport (2.3%, 127 kilometers, northeast); and New Century AirCenter (1.9%, 144 kilometers, north).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .