Average Weather in December in Merowe Sudan
Daily high temperatures decrease by 6°F, from 87°F to 81°F, rarely falling below 73°F or exceeding 94°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 6°F, from 62°F to 56°F, rarely falling below 49°F or exceeding 71°F.
For reference, on June 7, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Merowe typically range from 82°F to 109°F, while on January 18, the coldest day of the year, they range from 55°F to 81°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Tékane, Mauritania (3,112 miles away); Derby, Australia (6,714 miles); and Kununurra, Australia (7,008 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Merowe (view comparison).
The month of December in Merowe experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 21% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 23% on December 27.
The clearest day of the month is December 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 81% of the time.
For reference, on August 1, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 48%, while on May 4, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 87%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
Over the course of December in Merowe, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 22, with 11 hours, 1 minute of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 11 hours, 6 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Merowe is 7:08 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 16 minutes later at 7:24 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 6:14 PM on December 1 and the latest sunset is 12 minutes later at 6:26 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Merowe during 2018.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:17 AM and sets 13 hours, 14 minutes later, at 7:31 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:20 AM and sets 11 hours, 1 minute later, at 6:21 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Merowe is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on August 8, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 12% of the time, while on March 24, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Merowe is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 10.8 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on March 12, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 11.7 miles per hour, while on August 2, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.9 miles per hour.
The lowest daily average wind speed during December is 10.8 miles per hour on December 11.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Merowe are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Merowe are rapidly increasing during December, increasing by 605°F, from 10,094°F to 10,699°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Merowe is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 5.4 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 5.3 kWh on December 20.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Merowe are 18.470 deg latitude, 31.811 deg longitude, and 853 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Merowe contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 164 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 850 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (463 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,850 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Merowe is covered by bare soil (57%), artificial surfaces (17%), and cropland (15%), within 10 miles by bare soil (85%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (96%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Merowe year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Dongola Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Merowe.
At a distance of 164 kilometers from Merowe, further than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed insufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records. Consequently, the station records are blended with interpolated values from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis , and both are corrected for elevation differences according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
The weight assigned to the MERRA-2 value depends on the distance from Merowe to the nearest station, increasing from 0% at 150 kilometers to 100% at 200 kilometers. In this case, the MERRA-2 weight is 22%, making the weight assigned to the weather station 78%.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.