Average Weather in October in Centurion South Africa
Daily high temperatures are around 78°F, rarely falling below 68°F or exceeding 87°F.
Daily low temperatures increase by 2°F, from 55°F to 58°F, rarely falling below 48°F or exceeding 63°F.
For reference, on January 1, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Centurion typically range from 62°F to 81°F, while on July 5, the coldest day of the year, they range from 41°F to 65°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in October
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on October. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in October
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of October in Centurion experiences rapidly increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 18% to 32%.
The clearest day of the month is October 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 82% of the time.
For reference, on November 28, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 39%, while on July 21, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 93%.
Cloud Cover Categories in October
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Centurion, the chance of a wet day over the course of October is very rapidly increasing, starting the month at 14% and ending it at 35%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 54% on December 18, and its lowest chance is 1% on July 8.
Probability of Precipitation in October
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during October in Centurion is rapidly increasing, starting the month at 1.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.9 inches or falls below 0.2 inches, and ending the month at 2.8 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.9 inches or falls below 0.9 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in October
Over the course of October in Centurion, the length of the day is increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 44 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 1 minute, 28 seconds, and weekly increase of 10 minutes, 15 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is October 1, with 12 hours, 20 minutes of daylight and the longest day is October 31, with 13 hours, 4 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October
The latest sunrise of the month in Centurion is 5:46 AM on October 1 and the earliest sunrise is 28 minutes earlier at 5:18 AM on October 31.
The earliest sunset is 6:07 PM on October 1 and the latest sunset is 16 minutes later at 6:23 PM on October 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Centurion during 2021.
For reference, on December 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:12 AM and sets 13 hours, 46 minutes later, at 6:58 PM, while on June 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:53 AM and sets 10 hours, 31 minutes later, at 5:24 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in October
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for October 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in October
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Centurion is essentially constant during October, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on February 3, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 5% of the time, while on April 18, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in October
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Centurion is gradually decreasing during October, decreasing from 9.2 miles per hour to 8.6 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on September 25, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.2 miles per hour, while on March 31, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.1 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in October
The hourly average wind direction in Centurion throughout October is predominantly from the north, with a peak proportion of 51% on October 19.
Wind Direction in October
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
While it does not do so every year, freezing temperatures are seen in Centurion over some winters. The day least likely to be in the growing season is July 7, with a 68% chance.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Centurion are rapidly increasing during October, increasing by 517°F, from 900°F to 1,417°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in October
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Centurion is essentially constant during October, remaining within 0.2 kWh of 7.0 kWh throughout.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Centurion are -25.859 deg latitude, 28.186 deg longitude, and 4,698 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Centurion contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 344 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,761 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,207 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,041 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Centurion is covered by artificial surfaces (60%), grassland (24%), and cropland (15%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (48%) and grassland (40%), and within 50 miles by grassland (38%) and cropland (27%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Centurion, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Centurion.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Centurion according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Centurion is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Centurion and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.