Average Weather in October in Cottonwood Minnesota, United States
Daily high temperatures decrease by 15°F, from 66°F to 51°F, rarely falling below 36°F or exceeding 80°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 12°F, from 45°F to 33°F, rarely falling below 22°F or exceeding 57°F.
For reference, on July 18, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Cottonwood typically range from 63°F to 83°F, while on January 15, the coldest day of the year, they range from 8°F to 24°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in October
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on October. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in October
The month of October in Cottonwood experiences increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 37% to 46%.
The clearest day of the month is October 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 63% of the time.
For reference, on February 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 58%, while on July 28, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 75%.
Cloud Cover Categories in October
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Cottonwood, the chance of a wet day over the course of October is very rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 22% and ending it at 12%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 41% on June 12, and its lowest chance is 6% on January 14.
Over the course of October in Cottonwood, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 22% to 10%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 1% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 0% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in October
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during October in Cottonwood is rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 2.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.4 inches or falls below 0.5 inches, and ending the month at 1.0 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.5 inches or falls below 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in October
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during October in Cottonwood is essentially constant, remaining about 0.1 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.3 inches or falling below -0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in October
Over the course of October in Cottonwood, the length of the day is rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1 hour, 29 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 2 minutes, 57 seconds, and weekly decrease of 20 minutes, 42 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is October 31, with 10 hours, 14 minutes of daylight and the longest day is October 1, with 11 hours, 43 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October
The earliest sunrise of the month in Cottonwood is 7:20 AM on October 1 and the latest sunrise is 38 minutes later at 7:59 AM on October 31.
The latest sunset is 7:03 PM on October 1 and the earliest sunset is 50 minutes earlier at 6:12 PM on October 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Cottonwood during 2018, but it neither starts nor ends during October, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:37 AM and sets 15 hours, 34 minutes later, at 9:11 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:56 AM and sets 8 hours, 49 minutes later, at 4:45 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in October
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Cottonwood is essentially constant during October, remaining within 1% of 1% throughout.
For reference, on July 20, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 35% of the time, while on November 15, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in October
The average hourly wind speed in Cottonwood is essentially constant during October, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 11.5 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on April 9, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 13.2 miles per hour, while on August 2, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in October
Wind Direction in October
The growing season in Cottonwood typically lasts for 5.3 months (160 days), from around April 27 to around October 4, rarely starting before April 7 or after May 17, and rarely ending before September 16 or after October 24.
During October in Cottonwood, the chance that a given day is within the growing season is very rapidly decreasing falling from 59% to 4% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October
The average accumulated growing degree days in Cottonwood are gradually increasing during October, increasing by 122°F, from 2,596°F to 2,718°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in October
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Cottonwood is decreasing during October, falling by 1.4 kWh, from 4.1 kWh to 2.6 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Cottonwood are 44.609 deg latitude, -95.674 deg longitude, and 1,070 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Cottonwood is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 49 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,071 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (151 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,230 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Cottonwood is covered by cropland (89%), within 10 miles by cropland (99%), and within 50 miles by cropland (95%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Cottonwood year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Cottonwood.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Cottonwood according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Cottonwood is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Cottonwood and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Granite Falls Municipal Airport/Lenzen-Roe Memorial Field (44%, 19 kilometers, northeast); Marshall, Southwest Minnesota Regional Airport - Marshall/Ryan Field (36%, 21 kilometers, southwest); Redwood Falls Municipal Airport (11%, 48 kilometers, east); and Myers Field Airport (10%, 49 kilometers, west).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .