Average Weather in December in Primghar Iowa, United States
Daily high temperatures decrease by 9°F, from 36°F to 27°F, rarely falling below 9°F or exceeding 51°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 9°F, from 20°F to 12°F, rarely falling below -8°F or exceeding 34°F.
For reference, on July 5, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Primghar typically range from 63°F to 84°F, while on January 19, the coldest day of the year, they range from 11°F to 28°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
The month of December in Primghar experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 54% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 56% on December 29.
The clearest day of the month is December 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 48% of the time.
For reference, on February 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 56%, while on July 28, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 73%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Primghar, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is decreasing, starting the month at 12% and ending it at 8%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 42% on June 7, and its lowest chance is 7% on January 30.
Over the course of December in Primghar, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 5% to 2%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 2% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 5% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in December
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in Primghar is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 0.5 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.4 inches, and ending the month at 0.2 inches, when it rarely exceeds 0.6 inches or falls below -0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during December in Primghar is essentially constant, remaining about 0.4 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.8 inches or falling to 0.0 inches.
The highest average 31-day liquid-equivalent accumulation is 0.4 inches on December 14.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in December
Over the course of December in Primghar, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 21, with 9 hours, 0 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 9 hours, 14 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Primghar is 7:34 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 20 minutes later at 7:54 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 4:47 PM on December 9 and the latest sunset is 10 minutes later at 4:57 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Primghar during 2018, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:43 AM and sets 15 hours, 22 minutes later, at 9:05 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:50 AM and sets 9 hours, 0 minutes later, at 4:50 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in December
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Primghar is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 21, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 50% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
The average hourly wind speed in Primghar is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 12.0 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on April 8, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 13.6 miles per hour, while on August 3, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.8 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
The growing season in Primghar typically lasts for 5.1 months (155 days), from around April 29 to around October 1, rarely starting before April 11 or after May 16, and rarely ending before September 13 or after October 20.
The month of December in Primghar is reliably fully outside of the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
The average accumulated growing degree days in Primghar are essentially constant during December, remaining within 1°F of 2,966°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in December
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Primghar is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 1.8 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 1.7 kWh on December 19.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Primghar are 43.087 deg latitude, -95.627 deg longitude, and 1,483 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Primghar contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 125 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,487 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (246 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (679 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Primghar is covered by cropland (99%), within 10 miles by cropland (100%), and within 50 miles by cropland (98%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Primghar year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Primghar.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Primghar according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Primghar is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Primghar and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Sheldon (44%, 21 kilometers, northwest); Spencer Municipal Airport (20%, 36 kilometers, east); Orange City Municipal Airport (19%, 37 kilometers, west); and Cherokee Municipal Airport (17%, 40 kilometers, south).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .