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Average Weather in September in Topeka Kansas, United States

In Topeka, the month of September is characterized by rapidly falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing by 11°F, from 86°F to 75°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 95°F or dropping below 63°F.

Daily low temperatures decrease by 12°F, from 65°F to 53°F, rarely falling below 40°F or exceeding 73°F.

For reference, on July 20, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Topeka typically range from 70°F to 90°F, while on January 6, the coldest day of the year, they range from 22°F to 40°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in September

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on September. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in September

Average Hourly Temperature in September in Topeka12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AM18152229112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030AugOctcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotchilly
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

The month of September in Topeka experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 29% throughout the month. The lowest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 28% on September 14.

The clearest day of the month is September 14, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 72% of the time.

For reference, on February 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 50%, while on September 14, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 72%.

Cloud Cover in September

The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Topeka, the chance of a wet day over the course of September is decreasing, starting the month at 31% and ending it at 26%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 45% on June 8, and its lowest chance is 8% on January 12.

Probability of Precipitation in September

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during September in Topeka is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 3.6 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.5 inches or falls below 1.2 inches, and ending the month at 3.2 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.4 inches or falls below 0.9 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in September

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

Over the course of September in Topeka, the length of the day is rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1 hour, 13 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 2 minutes, 30 seconds, and weekly decrease of 17 minutes, 31 seconds.

The shortest day of the month is September 30, with 11 hours, 48 minutes of daylight and the longest day is September 1, with 13 hours, 1 minute of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in September

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise of the month in Topeka is 6:51 AM on September 1 and the latest sunrise is 26 minutes later at 7:18 AM on September 30.

The latest sunset is 7:52 PM on September 1 and the earliest sunset is 46 minutes earlier at 7:06 PM on September 30.

Daylight saving time is observed in Topeka during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during September, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:57 AM and sets 14 hours, 55 minutes later, at 8:52 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:38 AM and sets 9 hours, 25 minutes later, at 5:03 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in September

The solar day over the course of September. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Topeka is very rapidly decreasing during September, falling from 45% to 9% over the course of the month.

For reference, on July 23, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 69% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in September

Humidity Comfort Levels in September in Topeka0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%18152229112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030AugOctSep 145%Sep 145%Sep 309%Sep 309%Sep 1132%Sep 1132%Sep 2117%Sep 2117%miserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Topeka is gradually increasing during September, increasing from 5.0 miles per hour to 5.7 miles per hour over the course of the month.

For reference, on April 1, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.0 miles per hour, while on August 7, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.6 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in September

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
The hourly average wind direction in Topeka throughout September is predominantly from the south, with a peak proportion of 51% on September 6.

Wind Direction in September

The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Topeka is decreasing during September, falling by 1.1 kWh, from 5.8 kWh to 4.7 kWh, over the course of the month.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in September

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Topeka are 39.048 deg latitude, -95.678 deg longitude, and 912 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Topeka contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 138 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 909 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (364 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (873 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Topeka is covered by artificial surfaces (97%), within 10 miles by cropland (47%) and artificial surfaces (22%), and within 50 miles by cropland (47%) and grassland (40%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Topeka year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Topeka.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Topeka according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Topeka is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Topeka and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Philip Billard Municipal Airport (76%, 5.3 kilometers, northeast); Forbes Field Airport (23%, 11 kilometers, south); and Manhattan Regional Airport (1.2%, 87 kilometers, west).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.