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  5. September

Average Weather in September in Gradiška Bosnia & Herzegovina

Daily high temperatures decrease by 9°F, from 78°F to 69°F, rarely falling below 58°F or exceeding 89°F.

Daily low temperatures decrease by 7°F, from 55°F to 49°F, rarely falling below 41°F or exceeding 62°F.

For reference, on August 4, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Gradiška typically range from 60°F to 83°F, while on January 14, the coldest day of the year, they range from 26°F to 39°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in September

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on September. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in September

Average Hourly Temperature in September in Gradiška1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303012 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMAugOctcoldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmvery coldcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Ronceverte, West Virginia, United States (4,770 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Gradiška (view comparison).


The month of September in Gradiška experiences increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 34% to 44%.

The clearest day of the month is September 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 66% of the time.

For reference, on December 7, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 64%, while on August 2, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 77%.

Cloud Cover Categories in September

Cloud Cover Categories in September in Gradiška181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%AugOctSep 166%Sep 166%Sep 3056%Sep 3056%Sep 1162%Sep 1162%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.


A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Gradiška, the chance of a wet day over the course of September is essentially constant, remaining around 27% throughout.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 35% on June 4, and its lowest chance is 20% on January 21.

Probability of Precipitation in September

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).


To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during September in Gradiška is essentially constant, remaining about 2.9 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 5.3 inches or falling below 0.9 inches.

The highest average 31-day accumulation is 3.0 inches on September 14.

Average Monthly Rainfall in September

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.


Over the course of September in Gradiška, the length of the day is rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1 hour, 30 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 3 minutes, 6 seconds, and weekly decrease of 21 minutes, 43 seconds.

The shortest day of the month is September 30, with 11 hours, 47 minutes of daylight and the longest day is September 1, with 13 hours, 17 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in September

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in September in Gradiška181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hrAugOctSep 2312 hr, 12 minSep 2312 hr, 12 minnightnightdaydaySep 113 hr, 17 minSep 113 hr, 17 min
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise of the month in Gradiška is 6:12 AM on September 1 and the latest sunrise is 35 minutes later at 6:47 AM on September 30.

The latest sunset is 7:29 PM on September 1 and the earliest sunset is 55 minutes earlier at 6:34 PM on September 30.

Daylight saving time is observed in Gradiška during 2019, but it neither starts nor ends during September, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:03 AM and sets 15 hours, 38 minutes later, at 8:41 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:26 AM and sets 8 hours, 45 minutes later, at 4:11 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in September

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in September in Gradiška1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303012 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMAugOct6:12 AM6:12 AMSep 17:29 PMSep 17:29 PM6:47 AM6:47 AMSep 306:34 PMSep 306:34 PM6:30 AM6:30 AMSep 167:00 PMSep 167:00 PMSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of September. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.


We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Gradiška is gradually decreasing during September, falling from 5% to 0% over the course of the month.

For reference, on July 25, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 17% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in September

Humidity Comfort Levels in September in Gradiška181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%AugOctSep 15%Sep 15%Sep 300%Sep 300%Sep 112%Sep 112%muggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.


This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Gradiška is essentially constant during September, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 3.9 miles per hour throughout.

For reference, on February 5, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.3 miles per hour, while on July 9, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.7 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in September

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The hourly average wind direction in Gradiška throughout September is predominantly from the east, with a peak proportion of 33% on September 1.

Wind Direction in September

Wind Direction in September in Gradiška181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%AugOctwestsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Gradiška typically lasts for 6.7 months (204 days), from around April 5 to around October 26, rarely starting before March 14 or after April 26, and rarely ending before October 8 or after November 16.

The month of September in Gradiška is reliably fully within the growing season.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in September

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in September in Gradiškagrowing season181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%AugOct100%Sep 16100%Sep 1650%Oct 2650%Oct 2690%Oct 890%Oct 8very coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in Gradiška are increasing during September, increasing by 364°F, from 2,416°F to 2,779°F, over the course of the month.

Growing Degree Days in September

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of September, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Gradiška is decreasing during September, falling by 1.5 kWh, from 5.3 kWh to 3.8 kWh, over the course of the month.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in September

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.


For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Gradiška are 45.145 deg latitude, 17.255 deg longitude, and 289 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Gradiška is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 62 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 288 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (656 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (4,393 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Gradiška is covered by cropland (66%) and artificial surfaces (24%), within 10 miles by cropland (61%) and trees (30%), and within 50 miles by trees (50%) and cropland (41%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Gradiška year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Gradiška.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Gradiška according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Gradiška is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Gradiška and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Banja Luka International Airport (70%, 23 kilometers, south); Slavonski Brod (17%, 59 kilometers, east); Bihac (6%, 114 kilometers, west); and Zagreb Airport (6%, 114 kilometers, northwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.


The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.