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Average Weather in December in South Padre Island Texas, United States

In South Padre Island, the month of December is characterized by falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing by 5°F, from 74°F to 69°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 81°F or dropping below 56°F.

Daily low temperatures decrease by 5°F, from 61°F to 56°F, rarely falling below 44°F or exceeding 72°F.

For reference, on August 4, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in South Padre Island typically range from 79°F to 90°F, while on January 5, the coldest day of the year, they range from 56°F to 68°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in December

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature with percentile bands, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in December

The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Sun

Over the course of December in South Padre Island, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 21, with 10 hours, 30 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 10 hours, 37 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise of the month in South Padre Island is 6:59 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 17 minutes later at 7:15 AM on December 31.

The earliest sunset is 5:36 PM on December 1 and the latest sunset is 12 minutes later at 5:48 PM on December 31.

Daylight saving time is observed in South Padre Island during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in standard time.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:37 AM and sets 13 hours, 47 minutes later, at 8:23 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:11 AM and sets 10 hours, 30 minutes later, at 5:42 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in December

The solar day over the course of December. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Clouds

The month of December in South Padre Island experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 39% to 47%.

The clearest day of the month is December 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 61% of the time.

For reference, on August 22, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 60%, while on June 3, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 75%.

Cloud Cover in December

The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In South Padre Island, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is essentially constant, remaining around 12% throughout.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 39% on September 15, and its lowest chance is 9% on February 21.

Probability of Precipitation in December

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in South Padre Island is essentially constant, remaining about 0.9 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 2.4 inches.

The lowest average 31-day accumulation is 0.9 inches on December 17.

Average Monthly Rainfall in December

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in South Padre Island is rapidly decreasing during December, falling from 40% to 25% over the course of the month.

For reference, on July 16, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 100% of the time, while on January 24, the leasy muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 20% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in December

The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in South Padre Island is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 7.2 miles per hour throughout.

For reference, on April 26, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.4 miles per hour, while on September 1, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.7 miles per hour.

The highest daily average wind speed during December is 7.3 miles per hour on December 10.

Average Wind Speed in December

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
The wind direction in South Padre Island during December is predominantly out of the south from December 1 to December 29 and the north from December 29 to December 31

Wind Direction in December

The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

South Padre Island is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average surface water temperature in South Padre Island is gradually decreasing during December, falling by 3°F, from 73°F to 70°F, over the course of the month.

Average Water Temperature in December

The daily average water temperature (purple line) with percentile bands, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in South Padre Island is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.2 kWh of 3.5 kWh throughout.

The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 3.3 kWh on December 31.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of South Padre Island are 26.104 deg latitude, -97.165 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of South Padre Island is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 10 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 0 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (30 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (131 feet).

The area within 2 miles of South Padre Island is covered by water (84%) and bare soil (10%), within 10 miles by water (77%) and bare soil (17%), and within 50 miles by water (61%) and cropland (19%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in South Padre Island, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in South Padre Island.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and South Padre Island according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at South Padre Island is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between South Padre Island and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Port Isabel, Port Isabel-Cameron County Airport (69%, 19 kilometers, west) and Brownsville-South Padre Island International Airport (31%, 33 kilometers, southwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .