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  5. November

Average Weather in November in La Toma Mexico

Daily high temperatures are around 55°F, rarely falling below 47°F or exceeding 62°F.

Daily low temperatures decrease by 3°F, from 37°F to 34°F, rarely falling below 29°F or exceeding 43°F.

For reference, on May 11, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in La Toma typically range from 42°F to 63°F, while on January 13, the coldest day of the year, they range from 32°F to 52°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in November

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on November. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in November

Average Hourly Temperature in November in La Toma1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303012 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMOctDecvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcool
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Batallas, Bolivia (3,149 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to La Toma (view comparison).

Clouds

The month of November in La Toma experiences rapidly decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 56% to 43%.

The clearest day of the month is November 30, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 57% of the time.

For reference, on September 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 87%, while on February 24, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 68%.

Cloud Cover Categories in November

Cloud Cover Categories in November in La Toma181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%OctDecNov 144%Nov 144%Nov 3057%Nov 3057%Nov 1150%Nov 1150%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In La Toma, the chance of a wet day over the course of November is very rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 35% and ending it at 22%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 84% on September 1, and its lowest chance is 12% on January 13.

Probability of Precipitation in November

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during November in La Toma is rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 3.0 inches, when it rarely exceeds 5.7 inches or falls below 1.0 inches, and ending the month at 1.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.6 inches or falls below 0.3 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in November

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

Over the course of November in La Toma, the length of the day is gradually decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 22 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 46 seconds, and weekly decrease of 5 minutes, 19 seconds.

The shortest day of the month is November 30, with 11 hours, 3 minutes of daylight and the longest day is November 1, with 11 hours, 25 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in November

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in November in La Toma181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hrOctDecnightnightdaydayNov 111 hr, 25 minNov 111 hr, 25 minNov 3011 hr, 3 minNov 3011 hr, 3 min
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise of the month in La Toma is 6:29 AM on November 1 and the latest sunrise is 16 minutes later at 6:45 AM on November 30.

The latest sunset is 5:54 PM on November 1 and the earliest sunset is 6 minutes earlier at 5:48 PM on November 25.

Daylight saving time is observed in La Toma during 2018, but it neither starts nor ends during November, so the entire month is in standard time.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:51 AM and sets 13 hours, 18 minutes later, at 8:09 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:58 AM and sets 10 hours, 57 minutes later, at 5:55 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in November

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in November in La Toma181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930302 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMOctDec6:29 AM6:29 AMNov 15:54 PMNov 15:54 PM6:42 AM6:42 AMNov 255:48 PMNov 255:48 PMSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of November. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in La Toma is essentially constant during November, remaining around 0% throughout.

For reference, on June 13, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in November

Humidity Comfort Levels in November in La Toma181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%OctDecNov 160%Nov 160%Nov 10%Nov 10%Nov 300%Nov 300%comfortablecomfortabledrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in La Toma is gradually decreasing during November, decreasing from 6.3 miles per hour to 5.5 miles per hour over the course of the month.

For reference, on October 8, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.8 miles per hour, while on December 17, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in November

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
The hourly average wind direction in La Toma throughout November is predominantly from the north, with a peak proportion of 40% on November 1.

Wind Direction in November

Wind Direction in November in La TomaNEN181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%OctDecsoutheastnorthwest
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

La Toma is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average surface water temperature in La Toma is gradually decreasing during November, falling by 3°F, from 81°F to 78°F, over the course of the month.

Average Water Temperature in November

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in La Toma typically lasts for 6.7 months (206 days), from around April 1 to around October 24, rarely starting before March 8 or after May 9, and rarely ending before September 3 or after November 19.

The month of November in La Toma is more likely than not fully outside of the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season rapidly decreasing from 36% to 3% over the course of the month.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in November

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in November in La Tomagrowing season181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%OctDecNov 136%Nov 136%Nov 303%Nov 303%Nov 1120%Nov 1120%50%Oct 2450%Oct 240%Dec 230%Dec 23very coldcoldcoolfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in La Toma are essentially constant during November, remaining within 18°F of 749°F throughout.

Growing Degree Days in November

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of November, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in La Toma is gradually decreasing during November, falling by 0.5 kWh, from 5.4 kWh to 4.9 kWh, over the course of the month.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in November

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of La Toma are 19.453 deg latitude, -97.194 deg longitude, and 9,731 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of La Toma contains extreme variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 3,343 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 10,086 feet. Within 10 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (8,888 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (18,251 feet).

The area within 2 miles of La Toma is covered by cropland (52%), trees (24%), and shrubs (23%), within 10 miles by trees (37%) and cropland (30%), and within 50 miles by cropland (58%) and trees (25%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in La Toma year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in La Toma.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and La Toma according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at La Toma is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between La Toma and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: General Heriberto Jara International Airport (15%, 111 kilometers, east); Hermanos Serdán International Airport (46%, 128 kilometers, west); and Tulancingo (40%, 142 kilometers, northwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.