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December Weather in Berlin Germany

Daily high temperatures decrease by 3°F, from 41°F to 38°F, rarely falling below 26°F or exceeding 51°F.

Daily low temperatures decrease by 3°F, from 33°F to 30°F, rarely falling below 17°F or exceeding 43°F.

For reference, on August 4, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Berlin typically range from 59°F to 77°F, while on January 18, the coldest day of the year, they range from 29°F to 37°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in December in Berlin

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in December in Berlin

Average Hourly Temperature in December in BerlinDec112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313112 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMNovJanfreezingvery coldcold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Hope, Canada (4,922 miles away) and Boone, North Carolina, United States (4,484 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Berlin (view comparison).

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The month of December in Berlin experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 73% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 74% on December 18.

The clearest day of the month is December 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 28% of the time.

For reference, on December 18, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 74%, while on July 20, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 56%.

Cloud Cover Categories in December in Berlin

Cloud Cover Categories in December in BerlinDec11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%NovJanJul 2056%Jul 2056%Dec 128%Dec 128%Dec 3127%Dec 3127%Dec 1127%Dec 1127%Dec 2127%Dec 2127%clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercastmostly clear
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Berlin, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is essentially constant, remaining around 26% throughout.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 28% on July 14, and its lowest chance is 16% on April 19.

Over the course of December in Berlin, the chance of a day with only rain remains an essentially constant 22% throughout, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 2% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 3% throughout.

Probability of Precipitation in December in Berlin

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in Berlin is essentially constant, remaining about 1.2 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 2.2 inches or falling below 0.3 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in December in Berlin

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.

Snowfall

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day snowfall during December in Berlin is gradually increasing, starting the month at 1.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.5 inches, and ending the month at 1.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 5.2 inches.

The highest average 31-day accumulation is 1.7 inches on December 29.

Average Monthly Snowfall in December in Berlin

The average snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Over the course of December in Berlin, the length of the day is gradually decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 16 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 32 seconds, and weekly decrease of 3 minutes, 44 seconds.

The shortest day of the month is December 21, with 7 hours, 39 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 8 hours, 1 minute of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December in Berlin

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December in BerlinDec11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hrNovJanDec 217 hr, 39 minDec 217 hr, 39 minnightnightdaydayDec 18 hr, 1 minDec 18 hr, 1 min
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise of the month in Berlin is 7:55 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 22 minutes later at 8:17 AM on December 30.

The earliest sunset is 3:51 PM on December 13 and the latest sunset is 10 minutes later at 4:02 PM on December 31.

Daylight saving time is observed in Berlin during 2024, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.

For reference, on June 20, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 4:42 AM and sets 16 hours, 50 minutes later, at 9:33 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 8:15 AM and sets 7 hours, 39 minutes later, at 3:54 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December in Berlin

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December in BerlinDec112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313112 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMNovJan7:55 AM7:55 AMDec 13:55 PMDec 13:55 PM8:17 AM8:17 AMDec 314:02 PMDec 314:02 PM8:09 AM8:09 AMDec 133:51 PMDec 133:51 PMSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of December. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in December in Berlin

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in December in BerlinDec112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313112 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMNovJan001010200001010
northeastsouthwest
Solar elevation and azimuth over the course of December 2024. The black lines are lines of constant solar elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon, in degrees). The background color fills indicate the azimuth (the compass bearing) of the sun. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries of the cardinal compass points indicate the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for December 2024. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in December in Berlin

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in December in BerlinDec112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313112 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNovJanNov 11:48 PMNov 11:48 PMNov 1510:29 PMNov 1510:29 PMDec 17:22 AMDec 17:22 AMDec 1510:02 AMDec 1510:02 AMDec 3011:28 PMDec 3011:28 PMJan 1311:28 PMJan 1311:28 PMJan 291:37 PMJan 291:37 PM7:02 AM7:02 AM4:10 PM4:10 PM3:29 PM3:29 PM8:35 AM8:35 AM8:37 AM8:37 AM3:21 PM3:21 PM2:25 PM2:25 PM8:55 AM8:55 AM8:36 AM8:36 AM2:52 PM2:52 PM3:15 PM3:15 PM9:06 AM9:06 AM8:22 AM8:22 AM4:30 PM4:30 PM
The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.
Dec 2024IlluminationMoonriseMoonsetMoonriseMeridian PassingDistance
1
0%8:37 AMSE3:21 PMSW-11:59 AMS245,868 mi
2
2%9:47 AMSE4:04 PMSW-12:55 PMS243,806 mi
3
5%10:44 AMSE5:04 PMSW-1:54 PMS241,679 mi
4
11%11:25 AMSE6:19 PMSW-2:52 PMS239,533 mi
5
19%11:54 AMSE7:42 PMSW-3:48 PMS237,388 mi
6
29%12:14 PMESE9:09 PMWSW-4:41 PMS235,263 mi
7
39%12:29 PMESE10:35 PMWSW-5:31 PMS233,187 mi
8
50%12:41 PMESE--6:19 PMS231,221 mi
9
63%-12:00 AMW12:52 PME7:05 PMS229,471 mi
10
74%-1:26 AMW1:03 PME7:53 PMS228,081 mi
11
84%-2:54 AMWNW1:15 PMENE8:43 PMS227,221 mi
12
92%-4:26 AMWNW1:31 PMENE9:36 PMS227,060 mi
13
97%-6:00 AMNW1:53 PMNE10:34 PMS227,725 mi
14
100%-7:33 AMNW2:25 PMNE11:35 PMS229,263 mi
15
100%-8:55 AMNW3:14 PMNE--
16
100%-9:57 AMNW4:21 PMNE12:37 AMS231,610 mi
17
97%-10:39 AMNW5:42 PMNE1:37 AMS234,591 mi
18
91%-11:07 AMNW7:05 PMNE2:32 AMS237,951 mi
19
84%-11:25 AMWNW8:27 PMENE3:23 AMS241,393 mi
20
76%-11:38 AMWNW9:44 PMENE4:09 AMS244,628 mi
21
67%-11:48 AMWNW10:58 PME4:51 AMS247,404 mi
22
50%-11:57 AMW-5:31 AMS249,522 mi
23
47%12:09 AME12:05 PMW-6:10 AMS250,852 mi
24
38%1:20 AME12:14 PMWSW-6:49 AMS251,334 mi
25
29%2:32 AMESE12:24 PMWSW-7:29 AMS250,976 mi
26
20%3:46 AMESE12:37 PMWSW-8:12 AMS249,851 mi
27
13%5:02 AMSE12:54 PMSW-8:59 AMS248,088 mi
28
7%6:20 AMSE1:20 PMSW-9:50 AMS245,857 mi
29
3%7:33 AMSE1:57 PMSW-10:45 AMS243,354 mi
30
0%8:36 AMSE2:52 PMSW-11:44 AMS240,781 mi
31
0%9:23 AMSE4:04 PMSW-12:43 PMS238,322 mi

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Berlin is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.

For reference, on August 5, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 3% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in December in Berlin

Humidity Comfort Levels in December in BerlinDec11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%NovJanDec 10%Dec 10%Dec 310%Dec 310%Dec 110%Dec 110%Dec 210%Dec 210%drydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Berlin is gradually increasing during December, increasing from 11.0 miles per hour to 11.7 miles per hour over the course of the month.

For reference, on January 24, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 12.1 miles per hour, while on August 7, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.9 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in December in Berlin

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The hourly average wind direction in Berlin throughout December is predominantly from the west, with a peak proportion of 46% on December 20.

Wind Direction in December in Berlin

Wind Direction in December in BerlinDec11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NovJanwestsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Berlin typically lasts for 6.7 months (204 days), from around April 9 to around October 31, rarely starting before March 20 or after April 28, and rarely ending before October 11 or after November 26.

The month of December in Berlin is very likely fully outside of the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season gradually decreasing from 7% to 0% over the course of the month.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December in Berlin

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December in Berlingrowing seasonDec11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%NovJanDec 17%Dec 17%Dec 310%Dec 310%Dec 112%Dec 112%Dec 211%Dec 211%freezingvery coldcoldcoolfrigid
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in Berlin are essentially constant during December, remaining within 2°F of 2,275°F throughout.

Growing Degree Days in December in Berlin

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of December, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Berlin is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 0.6 kWh throughout.

The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 0.6 kWh on December 23.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December in Berlin

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December in BerlinDec11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310.0 kWh0.0 kWh0.2 kWh0.2 kWh0.4 kWh0.4 kWh0.6 kWh0.6 kWh0.8 kWh0.8 kWh1.0 kWh1.0 kWh1.2 kWh1.2 kWh1.4 kWh1.4 kWh1.6 kWh1.6 kWh1.8 kWh1.8 kWh2.0 kWh2.0 kWh2.2 kWh2.2 kWhNovJanDec 230.6 kWhDec 230.6 kWhDec 10.7 kWhDec 10.7 kWhDec 110.6 kWhDec 110.6 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Berlin are 52.524 deg latitude, 13.411 deg longitude, and 135 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Berlin contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 154 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 142 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (394 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (810 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Berlin is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (71%) and cropland (14%), and within 50 miles by cropland (40%) and trees (38%).

This report illustrates the typical weather in Berlin, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Berlin.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Berlin according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Berlin is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Berlin and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:

To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Berlin and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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