Average Weather in December in Castiglione dei Pepoli Italy
Daily high temperatures decrease by 4°F, from 43°F to 39°F, rarely falling below 31°F or exceeding 49°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 4°F, from 32°F to 28°F, rarely falling below 20°F or exceeding 41°F.
For reference, on August 3, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Castiglione dei Pepoli typically range from 59°F to 79°F, while on January 13, the coldest day of the year, they range from 28°F to 38°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
Hope, Canada (5,377 miles away); Boone, North Carolina, United States (4,668 miles); and Ocean Bluff-Brant Rock, Massachusetts, United States (3,952 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Castiglione dei Pepoli (view comparison).
The month of December in Castiglione dei Pepoli experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 59% throughout the month.
The clearest day of the month is December 22, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 43% of the time.
For reference, on November 25, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 62%, while on July 21, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 81%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Castiglione dei Pepoli, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is decreasing, starting the month at 25% and ending it at 20%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 30% on November 4, and its lowest chance is 15% on August 4.
Over the course of December in Castiglione dei Pepoli, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 21% to 12%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 3% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow increases from 1% to 5%.
Probability of Precipitation in December
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in Castiglione dei Pepoli is decreasing, starting the month at 2.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.1 inches or falls below 0.5 inches, and ending the month at 1.2 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during December in Castiglione dei Pepoli is essentially constant, remaining about 0.3 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 1.1 inches or falling below -0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in December
Over the course of December in Castiglione dei Pepoli, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 21, with 8 hours, 52 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 9 hours, 8 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Castiglione dei Pepoli is 7:30 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 20 minutes later at 7:50 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 4:36 PM on December 10 and the latest sunset is 10 minutes later at 4:46 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Castiglione dei Pepoli during 2018, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:31 AM and sets 15 hours, 30 minutes later, at 9:02 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:47 AM and sets 8 hours, 52 minutes later, at 4:39 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Castiglione dei Pepoli is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on August 6, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 5% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The average hourly wind speed in Castiglione dei Pepoli is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 6.8 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on March 17, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.3 miles per hour, while on August 10, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.3 miles per hour.
The lowest daily average wind speed during December is 6.6 miles per hour on December 27.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
Castiglione dei Pepoli is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Castiglione dei Pepoli is gradually decreasing during December, falling by 3°F, from 62°F to 58°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in December
The growing season in Castiglione dei Pepoli typically lasts for 7.0 months (215 days), from around April 8 to around November 9, rarely starting before March 16 or after April 29, and rarely ending before October 20 or after November 29.
The month of December in Castiglione dei Pepoli is very likely fully outside of the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season reaching a low of -0% on December 28.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
The average accumulated growing degree days in Castiglione dei Pepoli are essentially constant during December, remaining around 2,284°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in December
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Castiglione dei Pepoli is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 1.4 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 1.3 kWh on December 15.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Castiglione dei Pepoli are 44.143 deg latitude, 11.160 deg longitude, and 2,392 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Castiglione dei Pepoli contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,359 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,389 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (3,599 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (7,129 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Castiglione dei Pepoli is covered by trees (72%) and cropland (25%), within 10 miles by trees (74%) and cropland (21%), and within 50 miles by cropland (50%) and trees (42%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Castiglione dei Pepoli year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Castiglione dei Pepoli.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Castiglione dei Pepoli according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Castiglione dei Pepoli is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Castiglione dei Pepoli and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Florence Peretola Airport (34%, 37 kilometers, south); Monte Cimone (13%, 37 kilometers, west); Bologna Guglielmo Marconi Airport (31%, 45 kilometers, north); and Forlì Airport (23%, 73 kilometers, east).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .