Average Weather in May in Avarua Cook Islands
Daily high temperatures decrease by 2°F, from 81°F to 79°F, rarely falling below 76°F or exceeding 84°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 2°F, from 73°F to 71°F, rarely falling below 67°F or exceeding 77°F.
For reference, on February 17, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Avarua typically range from 76°F to 84°F, while on August 10, the coldest day of the year, they range from 68°F to 77°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in May
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on May. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in May
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of May in Avarua experiences gradually decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 66% to 59%.
The clearest day of the month is May 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 41% of the time.
For reference, on January 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 76%, while on August 5, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 60%.
Cloud Cover Categories in May
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Avarua, the chance of a wet day over the course of May is very rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 41% and ending it at 25%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 47% on February 13, and its lowest chance is 16% on June 16.
Probability of Precipitation in May
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during May in Avarua is very rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 5.9 inches, when it rarely exceeds 10.0 inches or falls below 1.9 inches, and ending the month at 3.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.4 inches or falls below 0.6 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in May
Over the course of May in Avarua, the length of the day is gradually decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 23 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 46 seconds, and weekly decrease of 5 minutes, 21 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is May 31, with 10 hours, 56 minutes of daylight and the longest day is May 1, with 11 hours, 18 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in May
The earliest sunrise of the month in Avarua is 6:56 AM on May 1 and the latest sunrise is 12 minutes later at 7:09 AM on May 31.
The latest sunset is 6:15 PM on May 1 and the earliest sunset is 11 minutes earlier at 6:04 PM on May 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Avarua during 2021.
For reference, on December 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:54 AM and sets 13 hours, 26 minutes later, at 7:20 PM, while on June 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:15 AM and sets 10 hours, 51 minutes later, at 6:06 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in May
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for May 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in May
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Avarua is rapidly decreasing during May, falling from 86% to 69% over the course of the month.
For reference, on February 2, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 99% of the time, while on August 10, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 46% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in May
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Avarua is gradually decreasing during May, decreasing from 14.2 miles per hour to 13.6 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on July 29, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 14.5 miles per hour, while on March 13, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 12.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in May
The hourly average wind direction in Avarua throughout May is predominantly from the east, with a peak proportion of 56% on May 1.
Wind Direction in May
Avarua is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Avarua is gradually decreasing during May, falling by 2°F, from 80°F to 78°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in May
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Avarua are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in May
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Avarua are rapidly increasing during May, increasing by 763°F, from 7,956°F to 8,719°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in May
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Avarua is essentially constant during May, remaining within 0.2 kWh of 3.8 kWh throughout.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in May
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Avarua are -21.208 deg latitude, -159.775 deg longitude, and 20 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Avarua contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,575 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 239 feet. Within 10 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,739 feet). Within 50 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,739 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Avarua is covered by water (100%), within 10 miles by water (100%), and within 50 miles by water (100%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Avarua, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Rarotonga International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Avarua.
At a distance of 3 kilometers from Avarua, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Avarua according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.