Average Weather in December in San Andrés Calpan Mexico
Daily high temperatures decrease by 2°F, from 69°F to 67°F, rarely falling below 62°F or exceeding 73°F.
Daily low temperatures are around 41°F, rarely falling below 35°F or exceeding 47°F.
For reference, on May 4, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in San Andrés Calpan typically range from 50°F to 76°F, while on January 12, the coldest day of the year, they range from 40°F to 67°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
The month of December in San Andrés Calpan experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 41% throughout the month.
The clearest day of the month is December 14, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 60% of the time.
For reference, on September 14, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 88%, while on February 25, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 70%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In San Andrés Calpan, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is essentially constant, remaining around 3% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 76% on June 27, and its lowest chance is 3% on December 13.
Probability of Precipitation in December
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in San Andrés Calpan is essentially constant, remaining about 0.2 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.7 inches.
The lowest average 31-day accumulation is 0.2 inches on December 13.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
Over the course of December in San Andrés Calpan, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 21, with 10 hours, 59 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 11 hours, 4 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in San Andrés Calpan is 6:50 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 16 minutes later at 7:06 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 5:54 PM on December 1 and the latest sunset is 12 minutes later at 6:07 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in San Andrés Calpan during 2018, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:57 AM and sets 13 hours, 17 minutes later, at 8:14 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:02 AM and sets 10 hours, 59 minutes later, at 6:01 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in San Andrés Calpan is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 19, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in San Andrés Calpan is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 5.6 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on March 8, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.4 miles per hour, while on May 28, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.6 miles per hour.
The lowest daily average wind speed during December is 5.5 miles per hour on December 3.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
While it does not do so every year, freezing temperatures are seen in San Andrés Calpan over some winters. The day least likely to be in the growing season is January 7, with a 52% chance.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in San Andrés Calpan are gradually increasing during December, increasing by 173°F, from 3,195°F to 3,368°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in San Andrés Calpan is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 5.1 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 5.1 kWh on December 23.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of San Andrés Calpan are 19.104 deg latitude, -98.462 deg longitude, and 7,972 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of San Andrés Calpan contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 912 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 7,982 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (6,575 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (14,692 feet).
The area within 2 miles of San Andrés Calpan is covered by shrubs (43%) and cropland (41%), within 10 miles by cropland (47%) and trees (25%), and within 50 miles by cropland (48%) and trees (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in San Andrés Calpan year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in San Andrés Calpan.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and San Andrés Calpan according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at San Andrés Calpan is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between San Andrés Calpan and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.