Average Weather in September in Pisa Italy
In Pisa, the month of September is characterized by falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing by 8°F, from 82°F to 74°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 88°F or dropping below 68°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 6°F, from 62°F to 57°F, rarely falling below 50°F or exceeding 68°F.
For reference, on August 5, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Pisa typically range from 65°F to 86°F, while on January 31, the coldest day of the year, they range from 37°F to 52°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in September
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on September. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in September
The month of September in Pisa experiences rapidly increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 28% to 41%.
The clearest day of the month is September 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 72% of the time.
For reference, on November 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 52%, while on July 21, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 84%.
Cloud Cover in September
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Pisa, the chance of a wet day over the course of September is rapidly increasing, starting the month at 20% and ending it at 27%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 33% on November 19, and its lowest chance is 11% on July 20.
Probability of Precipitation in September
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during September in Pisa is rapidly increasing, starting the month at 2.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.6 inches or falls below 0.6 inches, and ending the month at 3.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.3 inches or falls below 0.8 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in September
Over the course of September in Pisa, the length of the day is rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1 hour, 26 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 2 minutes, 57 seconds, and weekly decrease of 20 minutes, 39 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is September 30, with 11 hours, 46 minutes of daylight and the longest day is September 1, with 13 hours, 12 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in September
The earliest sunrise of the month in Pisa is 6:41 AM on September 1 and the latest sunrise is 33 minutes later at 7:14 AM on September 30.
The latest sunset is 7:53 PM on September 1 and the earliest sunset is 53 minutes earlier at 7:01 PM on September 30.
Daylight saving time is observed in Pisa during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during September, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:36 AM and sets 15 hours, 27 minutes later, at 9:03 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:48 AM and sets 8 hours, 55 minutes later, at 4:44 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in September
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Pisa is very rapidly decreasing during September, falling from 32% to 10% over the course of the month.
For reference, on August 7, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 50% of the time, while on January 1, the leasy muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in September
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Pisa is essentially constant during September, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 3.7 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on November 28, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.0 miles per hour, while on August 9, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in September
Wind Direction in September
Pisa is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Pisa is decreasing during September, falling by 4°F, from 75°F to 71°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in September
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Pisa is rapidly decreasing during September, falling by 1.6 kWh, from 5.6 kWh to 4.0 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in September
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Pisa are 43.709 deg latitude, 10.404 deg longitude, and 3 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Pisa is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 75 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 8 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (3,058 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (7,129 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Pisa is covered by artificial surfaces (64%) and cropland (33%), within 10 miles by cropland (47%) and trees (25%), and within 50 miles by water (38%) and trees (32%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Pisa year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Pisa.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Pisa according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Pisa is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Pisa and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Pisa International Airport (99%, 2.9 kilometers, south); Monte Cimone (0.1%, 60 kilometers, northeast); Florence Peretola Airport (0.9%, 65 kilometers, east); and Genoa Cristoforo Colombo Airport (0.3%, 147 kilometers, northwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.