Average Weather in February in Rolla North Dakota, United States
Daily high temperatures increase by 7°F, from 17°F to 24°F, rarely falling below -3°F or exceeding 40°F.
Daily low temperatures increase by 8°F, from -0°F to 8°F, rarely falling below -21°F or exceeding 27°F.
For reference, on July 25, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Rolla typically range from 55°F to 77°F, while on January 15, the coldest day of the year, they range from -2°F to 15°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in February
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on February. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in February
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of February in Rolla experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 66% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 67% on February 20.
The clearest day of the month is February 28, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 35% of the time.
For reference, on February 20, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 67%, while on July 31, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 73%.
Cloud Cover Categories in February
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Rolla, the chance of a wet day over the course of February is essentially constant, remaining around 5% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 38% on June 14, and its lowest chance is 4% on February 8.
Probability of Precipitation in February
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during February in Rolla is essentially constant, remaining about 0.1 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.3 inches or falling below -0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in February
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during February in Rolla is essentially constant, remaining about 0.2 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.7 inches or falling to 0.0 inches.
The lowest average 31-day liquid-equivalent accumulation is 0.1 inches on February 3.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in February
Over the course of February in Rolla, the length of the day is rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 1 hour, 31 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 3 minutes, 21 seconds, and weekly increase of 23 minutes, 29 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is February 1, with 9 hours, 29 minutes of daylight and the longest day is February 28, with 10 hours, 59 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in February
The latest sunrise of the month in Rolla is 8:08 AM on February 1 and the earliest sunrise is 46 minutes earlier at 7:21 AM on February 28.
The earliest sunset is 5:36 PM on February 1 and the latest sunset is 44 minutes later at 6:20 PM on February 28.
Daylight saving time is observed in Rolla during 2021, but it neither starts nor ends during February, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:34 AM and sets 16 hours, 11 minutes later, at 9:45 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 8:29 AM and sets 8 hours, 15 minutes later, at 4:44 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in February
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for February 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in February
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Rolla is essentially constant during February, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 17, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 16% of the time, while on October 12, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in February
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Rolla is essentially constant during February, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 11.5 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on March 31, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 12.2 miles per hour, while on July 22, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in February
The wind direction in Rolla during February is predominantly out of the west from February 1 to February 27 and the north from February 27 to February 28.
Wind Direction in February
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Rolla typically lasts for 4.0 months (124 days), from around May 20 to around September 21, rarely starting before May 2 or after June 5, and rarely ending before September 3 or after October 7.
The month of February in Rolla is reliably fully outside of the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in February
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Rolla are essentially constant during February, remaining around 0°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in February
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Rolla is increasing during February, rising by 1.1 kWh, from 1.9 kWh to 2.9 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in February
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Rolla are 48.858 deg latitude, -99.618 deg longitude, and 1,811 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Rolla contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 98 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,819 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (597 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,362 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Rolla is covered by cropland (95%), within 10 miles by cropland (84%) and trees (14%), and within 50 miles by cropland (76%) and grassland (12%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Rolla, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Rolla.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Rolla according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Rolla is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Rolla and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Rugby Municipal Airport (98%, 2.9 kilometers, north); Cando Municipal Airport (1.3%, 51 kilometers, southeast); and Rugby Municipal Airport (1.0%, 60 kilometers, southwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.