Average Weather in October in Alma Nebraska, United States
Daily high temperatures decrease by 14°F, from 74°F to 60°F, rarely falling below 44°F or exceeding 86°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 12°F, from 48°F to 37°F, rarely falling below 26°F or exceeding 60°F.
For reference, on July 19, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Alma typically range from 67°F to 90°F, while on January 2, the coldest day of the year, they range from 19°F to 39°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in October
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on October. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in October
The month of October in Alma experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 30% to 36%.
The clearest day of the month is October 2, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 70% of the time.
For reference, on March 4, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 47%, while on July 8, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 74%.
Cloud Cover Categories in October
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Alma, the chance of a wet day over the course of October is rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 17% and ending it at 11%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 38% on June 7, and its lowest chance is 5% on January 10.
Probability of Precipitation in October
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during October in Alma is decreasing, starting the month at 1.6 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.1 inches or falls below 0.3 inches, and ending the month at 1.0 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.5 inches or falls below 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in October
Over the course of October in Alma, the length of the day is rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1 hour, 15 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 2 minutes, 31 seconds, and weekly decrease of 17 minutes, 36 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is October 31, with 10 hours, 30 minutes of daylight and the longest day is October 1, with 11 hours, 45 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October
The earliest sunrise of the month in Alma is 7:34 AM on October 1 and the latest sunrise is 32 minutes later at 8:05 AM on October 31.
The latest sunset is 7:19 PM on October 1 and the earliest sunset is 44 minutes earlier at 6:35 PM on October 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Alma during 2021, but it neither starts nor ends during October, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:08 AM and sets 15 hours, 2 minutes later, at 9:10 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:56 AM and sets 9 hours, 19 minutes later, at 5:15 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in October
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for October 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in October
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Alma is essentially constant during October, remaining within 1% of 1% throughout.
For reference, on July 24, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 40% of the time, while on November 14, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in October
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The average hourly wind speed in Alma is essentially constant during October, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 11.0 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on April 11, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 13.1 miles per hour, while on August 5, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.4 miles per hour.
The highest daily average wind speed during October is 11.2 miles per hour on October 3.
Average Wind Speed in October
The wind direction in Alma during October is predominantly out of the south from October 1 to October 19 and the north from October 19 to October 31.
Wind Direction in October
The growing season in Alma typically lasts for 5.9 months (178 days), from around April 21 to around October 16, rarely starting before April 4 or after May 7, and rarely ending before September 27 or after November 3.
During October in Alma, the chance that a given day is within the growing season is very rapidly decreasing falling from 84% to 15% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October
The average accumulated growing degree days in Alma are increasing during October, increasing by 212°F, from 3,357°F to 3,569°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in October
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Alma is decreasing during October, falling by 1.4 kWh, from 4.7 kWh to 3.4 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Alma are 40.098 deg latitude, -99.362 deg longitude, and 1,972 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Alma contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 148 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,989 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (433 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,253 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Alma is covered by grassland (55%) and cropland (40%), within 10 miles by grassland (52%) and cropland (43%), and within 50 miles by cropland (55%) and grassland (45%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Alma, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Alma.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Alma according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Alma is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Alma and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Brewster Field (65%, 39 kilometers, north); Hill City Municipal Airport (20%, 90 kilometers, southwest); and McCook Ben Nelson Regional Airport (15%, 105 kilometers, west).
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .