Average Weather in December in Besenzone Italy
Daily high temperatures decrease by 5°F, from 46°F to 42°F, rarely falling below 34°F or exceeding 53°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 5°F, from 35°F to 30°F, rarely falling below 23°F or exceeding 44°F.
For reference, on July 26, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Besenzone typically range from 66°F to 87°F, while on January 12, the coldest day of the year, they range from 30°F to 42°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
The month of December in Besenzone experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 51% throughout the month.
The clearest day of the month is December 21, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 50% of the time.
For reference, on November 25, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 53%, while on July 21, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 78%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Besenzone, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is decreasing, starting the month at 24% and ending it at 20%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 31% on May 1, and its lowest chance is 17% on February 4.
Over the course of December in Besenzone, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 22% to 15%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 2% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow increases from 0% to 3%.
Probability of Precipitation in December
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in Besenzone is rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 2.5 inches, when it rarely exceeds 5.0 inches or falls below 0.3 inches, and ending the month at 1.5 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during December in Besenzone is essentially constant, remaining about 0.2 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 1.0 inches or falling to 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in December
Over the course of December in Besenzone, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 22, with 8 hours, 46 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 9 hours, 3 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Besenzone is 7:37 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 21 minutes later at 7:58 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 4:38 PM on December 10 and the latest sunset is 9 minutes later at 4:47 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Besenzone during 2019, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:33 AM and sets 15 hours, 37 minutes later, at 9:10 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:55 AM and sets 8 hours, 46 minutes later, at 4:41 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Besenzone is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 27, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 40% of the time, while on November 21, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Besenzone is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 5.2 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on March 30, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.7 miles per hour, while on August 7, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.8 miles per hour.
The lowest daily average wind speed during December is 5.2 miles per hour on December 18.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
Besenzone is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Besenzone is gradually decreasing during December, falling by 3°F, from 62°F to 58°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in December
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Besenzone typically lasts for 8.2 months (251 days), from around March 15 to around November 22, rarely starting before February 20 or after April 5, and rarely ending before November 1 or after December 16.
The month of December in Besenzone is more likely than not fully outside of the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season rapidly decreasing from 30% to 1% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Besenzone are essentially constant during December, remaining within 1°F of 3,673°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Besenzone is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 1.5 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 1.4 kWh on December 16.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Besenzone are 44.987 deg latitude, 9.956 deg longitude, and 151 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Besenzone is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 79 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 157 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (860 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (6,526 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Besenzone is covered by cropland (94%), within 10 miles by cropland (88%), and within 50 miles by cropland (63%) and trees (26%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Besenzone year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Besenzone.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Besenzone according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Besenzone is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Besenzone and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Piacenza-San Damiano Air Base (55%, 20 kilometers, southwest); Parma Airport (31%, 32 kilometers, southeast); and Brescia / Ghedi (14%, 55 kilometers, northeast).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.