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Average Weather in December in Panuaya Mexico

Daily high temperatures are around 72°F, rarely falling below 64°F or exceeding 78°F.

Daily low temperatures decrease by 2°F, from 45°F to 43°F, rarely falling below 37°F or exceeding 50°F.

For reference, on April 26, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Panuaya typically range from 54°F to 81°F, while on January 7, the coldest day of the year, they range from 43°F to 71°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in December

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in December

Average Hourly Temperature in December in Panuaya18152229112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313112 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMNovJanvery coldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablecoldcool
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Cochabamba, Bolivia (3,437 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Panuaya (view comparison).


The month of December in Panuaya experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 46% throughout the month.

The clearest day of the month is December 28, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 55% of the time.

For reference, on September 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 85%, while on February 27, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 67%.

Cloud Cover Categories in December

Cloud Cover Categories in December in Panuaya1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%NovJanDec 155%Dec 155%Dec 3155%Dec 3155%Dec 1154%Dec 1154%Dec 2153%Dec 2153%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.


A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Panuaya, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is essentially constant, remaining around 5% throughout.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 72% on July 2, and its lowest chance is 3% on December 23.

Probability of Precipitation in December

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).


To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in Panuaya is essentially constant, remaining about 0.3 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.9 inches or falling below -0.0 inches.

The lowest average 31-day accumulation is 0.2 inches on December 18.

Average Monthly Rainfall in December

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.


Over the course of December in Panuaya, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 22, with 10 hours, 55 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 11 hours, 0 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December in Panuaya1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hrNovJanDec 2110 hr, 55 minDec 2110 hr, 55 minnightnightdaydayDec 111 hr, 0 minDec 111 hr, 0 min
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise of the month in Panuaya is 6:55 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 16 minutes later at 7:12 AM on December 31.

The earliest sunset is 5:56 PM on December 1 and the latest sunset is 12 minutes later at 6:08 PM on December 31.

Daylight saving time is observed in Panuaya during 2019, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in standard time.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:58 AM and sets 13 hours, 21 minutes later, at 8:19 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:08 AM and sets 10 hours, 55 minutes later, at 6:02 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December

The solar day over the course of December. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.


We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Panuaya is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels in December

dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.


This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Panuaya is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 5.8 miles per hour throughout.

For reference, on June 28, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.4 miles per hour, while on December 1, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.8 miles per hour.

The lowest daily average wind speed during December is 5.8 miles per hour on December 2.

Average Wind Speed in December

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The hourly average wind direction in Panuaya throughout December is predominantly from the east, with a peak proportion of 36% on December 1.

Wind Direction in December

Wind Direction in December in Panuaya1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NovJanwesteastsouthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

While it does not do so every year, freezing temperatures are seen in Panuaya over some winters. The day least likely to be in the growing season is December 29, with a 70% chance.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December in Panuaya1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%NovJan85%Dec 185%Dec 170%Dec 3170%Dec 3179%Dec 1179%Dec 1173%Dec 2173%Dec 2190%Nov 1890%Nov 18very coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarm
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in Panuaya are increasing during December, increasing by 241°F, from 4,392°F to 4,633°F, over the course of the month.

Growing Degree Days in December

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of December, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Panuaya is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 4.9 kWh throughout.

The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 4.8 kWh on December 21.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.


For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Panuaya are 20.195 deg latitude, -99.271 deg longitude, and 6,611 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Panuaya contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 636 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 6,588 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (3,353 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (10,728 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Panuaya is covered by cropland (85%), within 10 miles by cropland (54%) and shrubs (23%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (32%) and cropland (24%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Panuaya year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Panuaya.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Panuaya according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Panuaya is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Panuaya and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Benito Juárez International Airport (30%, 87 kilometers, south); Tulancingo (27%, 95 kilometers, east); Licenciado Adolfo López Mateos International Airport (21%, 100 kilometers, south); and Querétaro Intercontinental Airport (23%, 106 kilometers, northwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.


The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.