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Average Weather in October in Parona Italy

Daily high temperatures decrease by 12°F, from 71°F to 59°F, rarely falling below 51°F or exceeding 78°F.

Daily low temperatures decrease by 10°F, from 55°F to 45°F, rarely falling below 36°F or exceeding 61°F.

For reference, on July 26, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Parona typically range from 66°F to 86°F, while on January 12, the coldest day of the year, they range from 30°F to 43°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in October

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on October. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in October

Average Hourly Temperature in October in Parona18152229112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313112 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMSepNovvery coldvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Blue Ridge, Virginia, United States (4,396 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Parona (view comparison).


The month of October in Parona experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 43% to 49%.

The clearest day of the month is October 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 57% of the time.

For reference, on November 24, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 52%, while on July 21, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 76%.

Cloud Cover Categories in October

Cloud Cover Categories in October in Parona1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%SepNovOct 157%Oct 157%Oct 3151%Oct 3151%Oct 1154%Oct 1154%Oct 2152%Oct 2152%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.


A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Parona, the chance of a wet day over the course of October is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 27% and ending it at 24%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 33% on May 13, and its lowest chance is 13% on February 8.

Probability of Precipitation in October

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).


To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during October in Parona is essentially constant, remaining about 3.3 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 7.3 inches or falling below 0.6 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in October

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.


Over the course of October in Parona, the length of the day is rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1 hour, 31 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 3 minutes, 2 seconds, and weekly decrease of 21 minutes, 14 seconds.

The shortest day of the month is October 31, with 10 hours, 12 minutes of daylight and the longest day is October 1, with 11 hours, 43 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The latest sunrise of the month in Parona is 7:56 AM on October 27 and the earliest sunrise is 59 minutes earlier at 6:58 AM on October 28.

The latest sunset is 7:05 PM on October 1 and the earliest sunset is 1 hour, 51 minutes earlier at 5:14 PM on October 31.

Daylight saving time (DST) ends at 2:00 AM on October 28, 2018, shifting sunrise and sunset to be an hour earlier.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:37 AM and sets 15 hours, 39 minutes later, at 9:16 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 8:01 AM and sets 8 hours, 44 minutes later, at 4:44 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in October

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in October in Parona1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031312 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMSepNov6:58 AM6:58 AMOct 285:18 PMOct 285:18 PM7:22 AM7:22 AMOct 17:05 PMOct 17:05 PM7:35 AM7:35 AMOct 116:47 PMOct 116:47 PMDSTOct 28DSTOct 28SolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of October. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.


We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Parona is gradually decreasing during October, falling from 4% to 0% over the course of the month.

For reference, on August 7, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 48% of the time, while on November 4, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in October

Humidity Comfort Levels in October in Parona1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%SepNovOct 14%Oct 14%Oct 310%Oct 310%Oct 111%Oct 111%Oct 210%Oct 210%muggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.


This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Parona is essentially constant during October, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 4.3 miles per hour throughout.

For reference, on April 4, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.6 miles per hour, while on December 18, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.8 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in October

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
The hourly average wind direction in Parona throughout October is predominantly from the east, with a peak proportion of 51% on October 20.

Wind Direction in October

Wind Direction in October in Parona1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%SepNovsoutheastnorthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Parona typically lasts for 8.2 months (252 days), from around March 12 to around November 19, rarely starting before February 16 or after April 3, and rarely ending before October 31 or after December 9.

The month of October in Parona is more likely than not fully within the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season decreasing from 100% to 90% over the course of the month.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October in Paronagrowing season1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%SepNov100%Oct 1100%Oct 190%Oct 3190%Oct 31100%Oct 11100%Oct 1198%Oct 2198%Oct 2150%Nov 1950%Nov 19very coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmfreezinghot
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in Parona are increasing during October, increasing by 230°F, from 3,341°F to 3,571°F, over the course of the month.

Growing Degree Days in October

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of October, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Parona is decreasing during October, falling by 1.4 kWh, from 3.8 kWh to 2.4 kWh, over the course of the month.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October in Parona1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310.0 kWh0.5 kWh1.0 kWh1.5 kWh2.0 kWh2.5 kWh3.0 kWh3.5 kWh4.0 kWh4.5 kWh5.0 kWh5.5 kWh6.0 kWh6.5 kWhSepNovOct 13.8 kWhOct 13.8 kWhOct 312.4 kWhOct 312.4 kWhOct 113.3 kWhOct 113.3 kWhOct 212.8 kWhOct 212.8 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.


For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Parona are 45.282 deg latitude, 8.751 deg longitude, and 358 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Parona is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 66 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 360 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (262 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (8,360 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Parona is covered by cropland (91%), within 10 miles by cropland (86%), and within 50 miles by cropland (58%) and trees (26%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Parona year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Parona.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Parona according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Parona is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Parona and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Novara / Cameri (49%, 28 kilometers, north); Milano Linate Airport (26%, 45 kilometers, northeast); Torino / Bric Della Croce (7%, 85 kilometers, west); Turin Caselle Airport (9%, 87 kilometers, west); and Genoa Cristoforo Colombo Airport (8%, 97 kilometers, south).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.


The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.