Average Weather in May in Ta`ū American Samoa
Daily high temperatures are around 86°F, rarely falling below 83°F or exceeding 89°F.
Daily low temperatures are around 78°F, rarely falling below 75°F or exceeding 82°F.
For reference, on March 5, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Ta`ū typically range from 78°F to 88°F, while on August 5, the coldest day of the year, they range from 77°F to 84°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in May
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on May. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in May
The month of May in Ta`ū experiences gradually decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 70% to 62%.
The clearest day of the month is May 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 38% of the time.
For reference, on January 6, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 88%, while on August 23, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 59%.
Cloud Cover Categories in May
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Ta`ū, the chance of a wet day over the course of May is very rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 43% and ending it at 34%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 61% on January 9, and its lowest chance is 16% on July 30.
Probability of Precipitation in May
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during May in Ta`ū is rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 5.0 inches, when it rarely exceeds 9.4 inches or falls below 1.2 inches, and ending the month at 3.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.4 inches or falls below 0.7 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in May
Over the course of May in Ta`ū, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is May 31, with 11 hours, 20 minutes of daylight and the longest day is May 1, with 11 hours, 35 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in May
The earliest sunrise of the month in Ta`ū is 6:27 AM on May 1 and the latest sunrise is 8 minutes later at 6:35 AM on May 31.
The latest sunset is 6:02 PM on May 1 and the earliest sunset is 7 minutes earlier at 5:55 PM on May 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Ta`ū during 2018.
For reference, on December 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:47 AM and sets 12 hours, 58 minutes later, at 6:45 PM, while on June 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:41 AM and sets 11 hours, 17 minutes later, at 5:58 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in May
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Ta`ū is essentially constant during May, remaining around 100% throughout.
For reference, on January 1, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 100% of the time, while on July 23, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 98% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in May
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Ta`ū is rapidly increasing during May, increasing from 11.3 miles per hour to 13.8 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on July 29, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 15.2 miles per hour, while on April 8, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 10.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in May
Wind Direction in May
Ta`ū is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Ta`ū is essentially constant during May, remaining around 84°F throughout.
Average Water Temperature in May
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Ta`ū are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in May
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Ta`ū are very rapidly increasing during May, increasing by 950°F, from 9,590°F to 10,541°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in May
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Ta`ū is essentially constant during May, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 4.3 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during May is 4.2 kWh on May 30.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in May
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ta`ū are -14.234 deg latitude, -169.514 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Ta`ū contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,070 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 220 feet. Within 10 miles also contains large variations in elevation (3,156 feet). Within 50 miles also contains large variations in elevation (3,156 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Ta`ū is covered by water (100%), within 10 miles by water (100%), and within 50 miles by water (100%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Ta`ū year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Pago Pago International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Ta`ū.
At a distance of 130 kilometers from Ta`ū, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Ta`ū according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.