April Weather in City of London United Kingdom
Daily high temperatures increase by 6°F, from 54°F to 60°F, rarely falling below 46°F or exceeding 71°F.
Daily low temperatures increase by 4°F, from 43°F to 47°F, rarely falling below 36°F or exceeding 54°F.
For reference, on August 1, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in City of London typically range from 60°F to 74°F, while on February 7, the coldest day of the year, they range from 39°F to 47°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in April in City of London
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on April. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in April in City of London
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of April in City of London experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 57% throughout the month.
The clearest day of the month is April 30, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 44% of the time.
For reference, on December 27, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 74%, while on July 15, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 58%.
Cloud Cover Categories in April in City of London
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In City of London, the chance of a wet day over the course of April is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 24% and ending it at 20%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 33% on December 30, and its lowest chance is 20% on April 28.
Probability of Precipitation in April in City of London
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during April in City of London is essentially constant, remaining about 1.3 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 2.4 inches or falling below 0.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in April in City of London
Over the course of April in City of London, the length of the day is rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 1 hour, 50 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 3 minutes, 48 seconds, and weekly increase of 26 minutes, 35 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is April 1, with 12 hours, 57 minutes of daylight and the longest day is April 30, with 14 hours, 47 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in April in City of London
The latest sunrise of the month in City of London is 6:36 AM on April 1 and the earliest sunrise is 1 hour, 2 minutes earlier at 5:34 AM on April 30.
The earliest sunset is 7:33 PM on April 1 and the latest sunset is 48 minutes later at 8:21 PM on April 30.
Daylight saving time is observed in City of London during 2023, but it neither starts nor ends during April, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 4:42 AM and sets 16 hours, 39 minutes later, at 9:21 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 8:04 AM and sets 7 hours, 50 minutes later, at 3:53 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in April in City of London
The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.
Solar Elevation and Azimuth in April in City of London
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for April 2023. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in April in City of London
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in City of London is essentially constant during April, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on August 11, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 1% of the time, while on October 2, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in April in City of London
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in City of London is gradually decreasing during April, decreasing from 11.6 miles per hour to 10.8 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on January 3, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 13.3 miles per hour, while on August 3, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in April in City of London
The wind direction in City of London during April is predominantly out of the west from April 1 to April 16 and the north from April 16 to April 30.
Wind Direction in April in City of London
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in City of London typically lasts for 9.8 months (298 days), from around February 22 to around December 17, rarely starting after March 28, or ending before November 14.
The month of April in City of London is very likely fully within the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season gradually increasing from 92% to 100% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in April in City of London
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in City of London are gradually increasing during April, increasing by 96°F, from 68°F to 164°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in April in City of London
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in City of London is rapidly increasing during April, rising by 1.5 kWh, from 3.7 kWh to 5.2 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in April in City of London
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of City of London are 51.513 deg latitude, -0.092 deg longitude, and 89 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of City of London contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 161 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 59 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (515 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,017 feet).
The area within 2 miles of City of London is covered by artificial surfaces (93%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (95%), and within 50 miles by cropland (40%) and grassland (26%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in City of London, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in City of London.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and City of London according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at City of London is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between City of London and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:
To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of City of London and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
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