Average Weather in December in El Pedregal Mexico
Daily high temperatures are around 68°F, rarely falling below 62°F or exceeding 73°F.
Daily low temperatures are around 38°F, rarely falling below 32°F or exceeding 44°F.
For reference, on May 12, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in El Pedregal typically range from 50°F to 79°F, while on January 8, the coldest day of the year, they range from 37°F to 67°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of December in El Pedregal experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 47% throughout the month.
The clearest day of the month is December 8, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 54% of the time.
For reference, on September 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 91%, while on February 23, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 65%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In El Pedregal, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is essentially constant, remaining around 2% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 75% on August 22, and its lowest chance is 1% on April 5.
Probability of Precipitation in December
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in El Pedregal is essentially constant, remaining about 0.2 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.8 inches.
The lowest average 31-day accumulation is 0.1 inches on December 13.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
Over the course of December in El Pedregal, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 21, with 10 hours, 57 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 11 hours, 3 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in El Pedregal is 7:03 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 16 minutes later at 7:19 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 6:06 PM on December 1 and the latest sunset is 12 minutes later at 6:18 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in El Pedregal during 2019, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 7:08 AM and sets 13 hours, 19 minutes later, at 8:26 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:15 AM and sets 10 hours, 57 minutes later, at 6:12 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in El Pedregal is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on June 28, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 1% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in El Pedregal is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 4.6 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on March 29, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.7 miles per hour, while on August 1, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.1 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in December
The hourly average wind direction in El Pedregal throughout December is predominantly from the north, with a peak proportion of 38% on December 1.
Wind Direction in December
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in El Pedregal typically lasts for 10 months (306 days), from around February 4 to around December 8, rarely starting after March 16, or ending before October 29.
During December in El Pedregal, the chance that a given day is within the growing season is rapidly decreasing falling from 58% to 23% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in El Pedregal are gradually increasing during December, increasing by 171°F, from 3,301°F to 3,472°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in El Pedregal is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 4.7 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 4.7 kWh on December 22.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of El Pedregal are 19.511 deg latitude, -101.449 deg longitude, and 7,372 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of El Pedregal contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,568 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 7,466 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,698 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (10,436 feet).
The area within 2 miles of El Pedregal is covered by shrubs (54%), trees (27%), and cropland (19%), within 10 miles by trees (46%) and shrubs (38%), and within 50 miles by trees (52%) and shrubs (25%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in El Pedregal year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, General Francisco J. Mujica International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of El Pedregal.
At a distance of 58 kilometers from El Pedregal, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and El Pedregal according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.