Average Weather in December in Nukunonu Tokelau
The highest daily average high temperature is 83°F on December 8.
Daily low temperatures are around 82°F, rarely falling below 80°F or exceeding 84°F. The highest daily average low temperature is 82°F on December 22.
For reference, on May 19, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Nukunonu typically range from 82°F to 83°F, while on August 11, the coldest day of the year, they range from 81°F to 83°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
The month of December in Nukunonu experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 84% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 85% on December 31.
The clearest day of the month is December 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 17% of the time.
For reference, on December 30, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 85%, while on September 1, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 53%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Nukunonu, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is gradually increasing, starting the month at 58% and ending it at 60%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 62% on January 4, and its lowest chance is 34% on September 4.
Probability of Precipitation in December
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in Nukunonu is very rapidly increasing, starting the month at 8.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 14.8 inches or falls below 2.6 inches, and ending the month at 11.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 19.2 inches or falls below 3.6 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
Over the course of December in Nukunonu, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 1, with 12 hours, 37 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 20, with 12 hours, 40 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Nukunonu is 5:57 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 13 minutes later at 6:10 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 6:35 PM on December 1 and the latest sunset is 15 minutes later at 6:50 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Nukunonu during 2018.
For reference, on December 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:05 AM and sets 12 hours, 40 minutes later, at 6:45 PM, while on June 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:41 AM and sets 11 hours, 35 minutes later, at 6:16 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Nukunonu is essentially constant during December, remaining around 100% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Nukunonu is increasing during December, increasing from 10.2 miles per hour to 11.4 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on July 28, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 14.4 miles per hour, while on April 23, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
Nukunonu is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Nukunonu is essentially constant during December, remaining around 85°F throughout.
The highest average surface water temperature during December is 85°F on December 6.
Average Water Temperature in December
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Nukunonu are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Nukunonu are very rapidly increasing during December, increasing by 976°F, from 4,928°F to 5,904°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Nukunonu is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 5.2 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 5.1 kWh on December 21.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Nukunonu are -9.200 deg latitude, -171.848 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Nukunonu is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 66 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (66 feet). Within 50 miles is also essentially flat (69 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Nukunonu is covered by water (100%), within 10 miles by water (100%), and within 50 miles by water (100%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Nukunonu year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Nukunonu is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Nukunonu, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.