Average Weather in May in Buffalo South Dakota, United States
Daily high temperatures increase by 9°F, from 63°F to 73°F, rarely falling below 49°F or exceeding 85°F.
Daily low temperatures increase by 10°F, from 40°F to 49°F, rarely falling below 30°F or exceeding 57°F.
For reference, on July 23, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Buffalo typically range from 60°F to 87°F, while on January 2, the coldest day of the year, they range from 12°F to 30°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in May
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on May. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in May
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of May in Buffalo experiences gradually decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 50% to 45%.
The clearest day of the month is May 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 55% of the time.
For reference, on March 14, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 55%, while on July 23, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 76%.
Cloud Cover Categories in May
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Buffalo, the chance of a wet day over the course of May is very rapidly increasing, starting the month at 21% and ending it at 32%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 34% on June 5, and its lowest chance is 2% on January 19.
Over the course of May in Buffalo, the chance of a day with only rain increases from 19% to 32%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain decreases from 2% to 0%, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 0% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in May
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during May in Buffalo is increasing, starting the month at 1.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.3 inches or falls below 0.4 inches, and ending the month at 2.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.3 inches or falls below 0.8 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in May
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during May in Buffalo is essentially constant, remaining about 0.1 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.4 inches or falling below -0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in May
Over the course of May in Buffalo, the length of the day is rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 1 hour, 6 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 2 minutes, 12 seconds, and weekly increase of 15 minutes, 25 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is May 1, with 14 hours, 21 minutes of daylight and the longest day is May 31, with 15 hours, 27 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in May
The latest sunrise of the month in Buffalo is 5:41 AM on May 1 and the earliest sunrise is 32 minutes earlier at 5:08 AM on May 31.
The earliest sunset is 8:01 PM on May 1 and the latest sunset is 34 minutes later at 8:35 PM on May 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Buffalo during 2020, but it neither starts nor ends during May, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 20, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:05 AM and sets 15 hours, 42 minutes later, at 8:46 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:31 AM and sets 8 hours, 42 minutes later, at 4:13 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in May
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Buffalo is essentially constant during May, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 18, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 4% of the time, while on September 27, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in May
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Buffalo is gradually decreasing during May, decreasing from 12.1 miles per hour to 11.4 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on January 18, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 13.3 miles per hour, while on July 30, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in May
The hourly average wind direction in Buffalo throughout May is predominantly from the west, with a peak proportion of 29% on May 1.
Wind Direction in May
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Buffalo typically lasts for 4.8 months (148 days), from around May 6 to around October 1, rarely starting before April 18 or after May 24, and rarely ending before September 11 or after October 20.
During May in Buffalo, the chance that a given day is within the growing season is very rapidly increasing rising from 35% to 97% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in May
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Buffalo are increasing during May, increasing by 233°F, from 142°F to 375°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in May
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Buffalo is gradually increasing during May, rising by 0.8 kWh, from 6.2 kWh to 7.0 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in May
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Buffalo are 45.584 deg latitude, -103.546 deg longitude, and 2,910 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Buffalo contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 197 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,897 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (771 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,775 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Buffalo is covered by grassland (100%), within 10 miles by grassland (100%), and within 50 miles by grassland (92%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Buffalo year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Buffalo.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Buffalo according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Buffalo is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Buffalo and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.