Average Weather in July in Rapid Valley South Dakota, United States
Daily high temperatures increase by 3°F, from 85°F to 87°F, rarely falling below 73°F or exceeding 98°F. The highest daily average high temperature is 88°F on July 26.
Daily low temperatures increase by 2°F, from 59°F to 62°F, rarely falling below 51°F or exceeding 69°F. The highest daily average low temperature is 62°F on July 20.
For reference, on July 26, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Rapid Valley typically range from 62°F to 88°F, while on January 1, the coldest day of the year, they range from 16°F to 35°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in July
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on July. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in July
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of July in Rapid Valley experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 25% throughout the month. The lowest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 24% on July 3.
The clearest day of the month is July 3, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 76% of the time.
For reference, on March 26, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 52%, while on July 3, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 76%.
Cloud Cover Categories in July
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Rapid Valley, the chance of a wet day over the course of July is essentially constant, remaining around 28% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 36% on June 5, and its lowest chance is 3% on January 25.
Probability of Precipitation in July
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during July in Rapid Valley is essentially constant, remaining about 1.7 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 3.0 inches or falling below 0.7 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in July
Over the course of July in Rapid Valley, the length of the day is decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 49 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 1 minute, 37 seconds, and weekly decrease of 11 minutes, 22 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is July 31, with 14 hours, 37 minutes of daylight and the longest day is July 1, with 15 hours, 26 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in July
The earliest sunrise of the month in Rapid Valley is 5:13 AM on July 1 and the latest sunrise is 26 minutes later at 5:40 AM on July 31.
The latest sunset is 8:39 PM on July 1 and the earliest sunset is 22 minutes earlier at 8:17 PM on July 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Rapid Valley during 2020, but it neither starts nor ends during July, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 20, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:09 AM and sets 15 hours, 30 minutes later, at 8:39 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:24 AM and sets 8 hours, 53 minutes later, at 4:17 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in July
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Rapid Valley is essentially constant during July, remaining around 3% throughout.
The highest chance of a muggy day during July is 4% on July 18.
For reference, on July 18, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 4% of the time, while on September 24, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in July
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Rapid Valley is essentially constant during July, remaining within 0.3 miles per hour of 8.3 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on April 6, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 10.5 miles per hour, while on July 29, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.1 miles per hour.
The lowest daily average wind speed during July is 8.1 miles per hour on July 29.
Average Wind Speed in July
The wind direction in Rapid Valley during July is predominantly out of the north from July 1 to July 2 and the south from July 2 to July 31.
Wind Direction in July
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Rapid Valley typically lasts for 5.0 months (153 days), from around May 3 to around October 3, rarely starting before April 12 or after May 22, and rarely ending before September 11 or after October 22.
The month of July in Rapid Valley is reliably fully within the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in July
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Rapid Valley are rapidly increasing during July, increasing by 668°F, from 908°F to 1,576°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in July
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Rapid Valley is gradually decreasing during July, falling by 0.7 kWh, from 7.7 kWh to 7.0 kWh, over the course of the month.
The highest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during July is 7.7 kWh on July 2.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in July
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Rapid Valley are 44.062 deg latitude, -103.146 deg longitude, and 3,186 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Rapid Valley contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 387 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,180 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,417 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (5,171 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Rapid Valley is covered by grassland (85%), within 10 miles by grassland (85%), and within 50 miles by grassland (62%) and trees (21%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Rapid Valley year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Rapid Valley.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Rapid Valley according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Rapid Valley is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Rapid Valley and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Rapid City Regional Airport (61%, 8 kilometers, east); Ellsworth Air Force Base (37%, 10 kilometers, north); and Custer County Airfield (1.6%, 52 kilometers, southwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.