Average Weather in September in Rapid City South Dakota, United States
In Rapid City, the month of September is characterized by rapidly falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing by 14°F, from 82°F to 69°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 93°F or dropping below 53°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 11°F, from 56°F to 45°F, rarely falling below 34°F or exceeding 65°F.
For reference, on July 27, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Rapid City typically range from 62°F to 87°F, while on January 1, the coldest day of the year, they range from 17°F to 35°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in September
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on September. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in September
The month of September in Rapid City experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 29% to 35%.
The clearest day of the month is September 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 71% of the time.
For reference, on March 27, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 52%, while on July 4, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 76%.
Cloud Cover Categories in September
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Rapid City, the chance of a wet day over the course of September is essentially constant, remaining around 15% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 37% on June 6, and its lowest chance is 3% on January 16.
Probability of Precipitation in September
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during September in Rapid City is essentially constant, remaining about 1.1 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 2.9 inches or falling below 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in September
Over the course of September in Rapid City, the length of the day is rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1 hour, 27 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 2 minutes, 59 seconds, and weekly decrease of 20 minutes, 56 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is September 30, with 11 hours, 45 minutes of daylight and the longest day is September 1, with 13 hours, 12 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in September
The earliest sunrise of the month in Rapid City is 6:16 AM on September 1 and the latest sunrise is 33 minutes later at 6:49 AM on September 30.
The latest sunset is 7:28 PM on September 1 and the earliest sunset is 53 minutes earlier at 6:34 PM on September 30.
Daylight saving time is observed in Rapid City during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during September, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:09 AM and sets 15 hours, 30 minutes later, at 8:39 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:24 AM and sets 8 hours, 53 minutes later, at 4:17 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in September
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Rapid City is essentially constant during September, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 19, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 3% of the time, while on September 25, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in September
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Rapid City is increasing during September, increasing from 8.0 miles per hour to 9.1 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on January 18, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 10.2 miles per hour, while on July 30, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in September
Wind Direction in September
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Rapid City typically lasts for 5.0 months (153 days), from around May 5 to around October 5, rarely starting before April 15 or after May 23, and rarely ending before September 14 or after October 24.
The month of September in Rapid City is more likely than not fully within the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season rapidly decreasing from 99% to 62% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in September
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Rapid City is increasing during September, increasing by 371°F, from 2,182°F to 2,552°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in September
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Rapid City is decreasing during September, falling by 1.4 kWh, from 5.9 kWh to 4.5 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in September
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Rapid City are 44.081 deg latitude, -103.231 deg longitude, and 3,330 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Rapid City contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 689 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,334 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,991 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (5,135 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Rapid City is covered by artificial surfaces (59%) and grassland (35%), within 10 miles by grassland (67%) and trees (18%), and within 50 miles by grassland (61%) and trees (23%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Rapid City year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Rapid City.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Rapid City according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Rapid City is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Rapid City and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Ellsworth Air Force Base (52%, 13 kilometers, northeast); Rapid City Regional Airport (40%, 15 kilometers, east); Custer County Airfield (3.2%, 49 kilometers, southwest); and Black Hills Airport (4.7%, 63 kilometers, northwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.