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Average Weather in October in San Martín de Pusa Spain

Daily high temperatures decrease by 11°F, from 76°F to 64°F, rarely falling below 57°F or exceeding 85°F.

Daily low temperatures decrease by 8°F, from 54°F to 46°F, rarely falling below 38°F or exceeding 60°F.

For reference, on July 23, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in San Martín de Pusa typically range from 66°F to 93°F, while on January 15, the coldest day of the year, they range from 34°F to 51°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in October

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on October. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in October

Average Hourly Temperature in October in San Martín de Pusa18152229112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313112 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMSepNovvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablecomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Paradise, California, United States (5,664 miles away) and Green Valley, California, United States (5,794 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to San Martín de Pusa (view comparison).

Clouds

The month of October in San Martín de Pusa experiences rapidly increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 38% to 50%. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 50% on October 31.

The clearest day of the month is October 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 62% of the time.

For reference, on December 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 51%, while on July 21, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 90%.

Cloud Cover Categories in October

Cloud Cover Categories in October in San Martín de Pusa1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%SepNovJul 2190%Jul 2190%Oct 162%Oct 162%Oct 3150%Oct 3150%Oct 1157%Oct 1157%Oct 2154%Oct 2154%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In San Martín de Pusa, the chance of a wet day over the course of October is very rapidly increasing, starting the month at 14% and ending it at 23%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 23% on October 31, and its lowest chance is 3% on July 31.

Probability of Precipitation in October

Probability of Precipitation in October in San Martín de Pusa1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%0%2%2%4%4%6%6%8%8%10%10%12%12%14%14%16%16%18%18%20%20%22%22%24%24%SepNovOct 3123%Oct 3123%Oct 114%Oct 114%Oct 1118%Oct 1118%Oct 2120%Oct 2120%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during October in San Martín de Pusa is increasing, starting the month at 1.2 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.3 inches or falls below 0.2 inches, and ending the month at 1.8 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.5 inches or falls below 0.4 inches.

The highest average 31-day accumulation is 1.8 inches on October 29.

Average Monthly Rainfall in October

Average Monthly Rainfall in October in San Martín de Pusa1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in2.5 in2.5 in3.0 in3.0 in3.5 in3.5 inSepNovOct 271.8 inOct 271.8 inOct 11.2 inOct 11.2 inOct 111.5 inOct 111.5 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

Over the course of October in San Martín de Pusa, the length of the day is rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1 hour, 15 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 2 minutes, 29 seconds, and weekly decrease of 17 minutes, 25 seconds.

The shortest day of the month is October 31, with 10 hours, 31 minutes of daylight and the longest day is October 1, with 11 hours, 46 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The latest sunrise of the month in San Martín de Pusa is 8:45 AM on October 30 and the earliest sunrise is 59 minutes earlier at 7:46 AM on October 31.

The latest sunset is 8:00 PM on October 1 and the earliest sunset is 1 hour, 43 minutes earlier at 6:17 PM on October 31.

Daylight saving time (DST) ends at 2:00 AM on October 31, 2021, shifting sunrise and sunset to be an hour earlier.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:50 AM and sets 15 hours, 0 minutes later, at 9:50 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 8:36 AM and sets 9 hours, 21 minutes later, at 5:57 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in October

The solar day over the course of October. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for October 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in October

Moon in San Martín de Pusa18152229112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313112 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMSepNovSep 72:52 AMSep 72:52 AMSep 211:55 AMSep 211:55 AMOct 61:06 PMOct 61:06 PMOct 204:57 PMOct 204:57 PMNov 410:15 PMNov 410:15 PMNov 199:58 AMNov 199:58 AM8:02 AM8:02 AM9:21 PM9:21 PM8:30 PM8:30 PM8:18 AM8:18 AM8:03 AM8:03 AM8:15 PM8:15 PM7:44 PM7:44 PM9:13 AM9:13 AM7:05 AM7:05 AM6:10 PM6:10 PM5:38 PM5:38 PM8:07 AM8:07 AM
The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in San Martín de Pusa is essentially constant during October, remaining around 0% throughout.

For reference, on July 25, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in October

Humidity Comfort Levels in October in San Martín de Pusa1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%SepNovOct 10%Oct 10%Oct 310%Oct 310%Oct 110%Oct 110%Oct 210%Oct 210%comfortablecomfortabledrydryhumidhumid
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in San Martín de Pusa is essentially constant during October, remaining within 0.3 miles per hour of 7.7 miles per hour throughout.

For reference, on April 7, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.8 miles per hour, while on September 11, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in October

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The hourly average wind direction in San Martín de Pusa throughout October is predominantly from the west, with a peak proportion of 37% on October 6.

Wind Direction in October

Wind Direction in October in San Martín de PusaWE1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%SepNovwesteastsouthnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in San Martín de Pusa typically lasts for 8.4 months (256 days), from around March 10 to around November 22, rarely starting before February 14 or after April 6, and rarely ending before November 3 or after December 12.

The month of October in San Martín de Pusa is very likely fully within the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season gradually decreasing from 100% to 93% over the course of the month.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October in San Martín de Pusagrowing season1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%SepNov100%Oct 1100%Oct 193%Oct 3193%Oct 31100%Oct 11100%Oct 1199%Oct 2199%Oct 2150%Nov 2250%Nov 22very coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in San Martín de Pusa are increasing during October, increasing by 306°F, from 3,780°F to 4,086°F, over the course of the month.

Growing Degree Days in October

Growing Degree Days in October in San Martín de Pusa1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031313,600°F3,600°F3,700°F3,700°F3,800°F3,800°F3,900°F3,900°F4,000°F4,000°F4,100°F4,100°F4,200°F4,200°F4,300°F4,300°F4,400°F4,400°FSepNovOct 13,780°FOct 13,780°FOct 314,086°FOct 314,086°FOct 113,910°FOct 113,910°FOct 214,010°FOct 214,010°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of October, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in San Martín de Pusa is rapidly decreasing during October, falling by 1.6 kWh, from 4.7 kWh to 3.1 kWh, over the course of the month.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October in San Martín de Pusa1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWhSepNovOct 14.7 kWhOct 14.7 kWhOct 313.1 kWhOct 313.1 kWhOct 114.1 kWhOct 114.1 kWhOct 213.6 kWhOct 213.6 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of San Martín de Pusa are 39.784 deg latitude, -4.633 deg longitude, and 1,650 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of San Martín de Pusa contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 646 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,763 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (2,159 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (7,480 feet).

The area within 2 miles of San Martín de Pusa is covered by cropland (94%), within 10 miles by cropland (71%) and trees (18%), and within 50 miles by cropland (48%) and trees (27%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in San Martín de Pusa, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in San Martín de Pusa.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and San Martín de Pusa according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at San Martín de Pusa is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between San Martín de Pusa and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Ciudad Real Central Airport (41%, 108 kilometers, southeast); Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport (35%, 120 kilometers, northeast); and Salamanca Airport (25%, 149 kilometers, northwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.