Average Weather in December in Ségou Mali
Daily high temperatures decrease by 5°F, from 93°F to 88°F, rarely falling below 81°F or exceeding 98°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 4°F, from 68°F to 64°F, rarely falling below 59°F or exceeding 73°F.
For reference, on April 22, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Ségou typically range from 82°F to 104°F, while on January 4, the coldest day of the year, they range from 64°F to 88°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
The month of December in Ségou experiences gradually decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 45% to 41%.
The clearest day of the month is December 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 59% of the time.
For reference, on August 23, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 70%, while on January 25, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 64%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
Over the course of December in Ségou, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 21, with 11 hours, 20 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 11 hours, 24 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Ségou is 6:32 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 15 minutes later at 6:47 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 5:55 PM on December 1 and the latest sunset is 13 minutes later at 6:08 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Ségou during 2018.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:59 AM and sets 12 hours, 55 minutes later, at 6:54 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:42 AM and sets 11 hours, 20 minutes later, at 6:02 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Ségou is gradually decreasing during December, falling from 3% to 0% over the course of the month.
The lowest chance of a muggy day during December is 0% on December 29.
For reference, on September 4, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 100% of the time, while on December 29, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Ségou is increasing during December, increasing from 8.5 miles per hour to 9.7 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on February 8, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 10.1 miles per hour, while on September 8, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Ségou are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Ségou are rapidly increasing during December, increasing by 770°F, from 10,462°F to 11,232°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Ségou is essentially constant during December, remaining around 5.3 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 5.2 kWh on December 16.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ségou are 13.432 deg latitude, -6.216 deg longitude, and 942 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Ségou is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 69 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 945 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (236 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (456 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Ségou is covered by cropland (41%), sparse vegetation (19%), grassland (15%), and trees (11%), within 10 miles by cropland (39%) and grassland (22%), and within 50 miles by cropland (44%) and grassland (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Ségou year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Segou, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Ségou.
At a distance of 8 kilometers from Ségou, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Ségou according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.