Average Weather in October in Fundão Portugal
Daily high temperatures decrease by 11°F, from 74°F to 63°F, rarely falling below 56°F or exceeding 83°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 7°F, from 52°F to 46°F, rarely falling below 38°F or exceeding 59°F.
For reference, on July 30, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Fundão typically range from 61°F to 87°F, while on January 15, the coldest day of the year, they range from 35°F to 51°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in October
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on October. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in October
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of October in Fundão experiences rapidly increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 40% to 55%.
The clearest day of the month is October 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 60% of the time.
For reference, on December 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 57%, while on July 20, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 88%.
Cloud Cover Categories in October
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Fundão, the chance of a wet day over the course of October is very rapidly increasing, starting the month at 23% and ending it at 34%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 34% on October 31, and its lowest chance is 4% on July 22.
Probability of Precipitation in October
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during October in Fundão is rapidly increasing, starting the month at 2.8 inches, when it rarely exceeds 5.2 inches or falls below 0.6 inches, and ending the month at 4.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 8.6 inches or falls below 1.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in October
Over the course of October in Fundão, the length of the day is rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1 hour, 16 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 2 minutes, 31 seconds, and weekly decrease of 17 minutes, 40 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is October 31, with 10 hours, 31 minutes of daylight and the longest day is October 1, with 11 hours, 47 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October
The latest sunrise of the month in Fundão is 7:52 AM on October 26 and the earliest sunrise is 59 minutes earlier at 6:53 AM on October 27.
The latest sunset is 7:12 PM on October 1 and the earliest sunset is 1 hour, 44 minutes earlier at 5:29 PM on October 31.
Daylight saving time (DST) ends at 1:00 AM on October 27, 2019, shifting sunrise and sunset to be an hour earlier.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:00 AM and sets 15 hours, 2 minutes later, at 9:02 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:49 AM and sets 9 hours, 19 minutes later, at 5:07 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in October
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Fundão is essentially constant during October, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 8, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on November 10, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in October
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Fundão is essentially constant during October, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 8.0 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on April 7, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.0 miles per hour, while on September 17, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in October
The wind direction in Fundão during October is predominantly out of the north from October 1 to October 4, the west from October 4 to October 13, and the east from October 13 to October 31.
Wind Direction in October
Fundão is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Fundão is essentially constant during October, remaining within 1°F of 63°F throughout.
Average Water Temperature in October
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Fundão typically lasts for 8.1 months (249 days), from around March 19 to around November 23, rarely starting before February 20 or after April 20, and rarely ending before November 4 or after December 16.
The month of October in Fundão is very likely fully within the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season gradually decreasing from 100% to 95% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Fundão are increasing during October, increasing by 266°F, from 3,029°F to 3,296°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in October
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Fundão is rapidly decreasing during October, falling by 1.6 kWh, from 4.5 kWh to 2.9 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Fundão are 40.140 deg latitude, -7.501 deg longitude, and 1,539 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Fundão contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,614 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,707 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,176 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,490 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Fundão is covered by cropland (80%) and trees (13%), within 10 miles by trees (49%) and cropland (44%), and within 50 miles by trees (53%) and cropland (30%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Fundão year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Fundão.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Fundão according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Fundão is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Fundão and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Monte Real Mil. (29%, 123 kilometers, west); Vila Real Airport (29%, 128 kilometers, north); Ovar Mil. (26%, 130 kilometers, northwest); and Salamanca Airport (16%, 192 kilometers, northeast).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.