Average Weather in November in Santo André Portugal
Daily high temperatures decrease by 7°F, from 69°F to 61°F, rarely falling below 56°F or exceeding 75°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 6°F, from 56°F to 50°F, rarely falling below 43°F or exceeding 62°F.
For reference, on July 29, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Santo André typically range from 64°F to 84°F, while on January 22, the coldest day of the year, they range from 46°F to 58°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in November
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on November. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in November
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of November in Santo André experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 46% throughout the month.
The clearest day of the month is November 21, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 56% of the time.
For reference, on December 25, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 49%, while on July 21, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 93%.
Cloud Cover Categories in November
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Santo André, the chance of a wet day over the course of November is essentially constant, remaining around 27% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 27% on November 18, and its lowest chance is 1% on July 31.
Probability of Precipitation in November
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during November in Santo André is essentially constant, remaining about 2.9 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 6.3 inches or falling below 0.2 inches.
The highest average 31-day accumulation is 3.0 inches on November 6.
Average Monthly Rainfall in November
Over the course of November in Santo André, the length of the day is decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 51 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 1 minute, 45 seconds, and weekly decrease of 12 minutes, 18 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is November 30, with 9 hours, 45 minutes of daylight and the longest day is November 1, with 10 hours, 36 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in November
The earliest sunrise of the month in Santo André is 7:00 AM on November 1 and the latest sunrise is 31 minutes later at 7:30 AM on November 30.
The latest sunset is 5:36 PM on November 1 and the earliest sunset is 20 minutes earlier at 5:15 PM on November 30.
Daylight saving time is observed in Santo André during 2019, but it neither starts nor ends during November, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:12 AM and sets 14 hours, 49 minutes later, at 9:01 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:47 AM and sets 9 hours, 31 minutes later, at 5:19 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in November
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Santo André is gradually decreasing during November, falling from 3% to 0% over the course of the month.
For reference, on August 15, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 13% of the time, while on December 4, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in November
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Santo André is essentially constant during November, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 10.4 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on December 16, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 11.2 miles per hour, while on September 17, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in November
The hourly average wind direction in Santo André throughout November is predominantly from the north, with a peak proportion of 36% on November 24.
Wind Direction in November
Santo André is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Santo André is gradually decreasing during November, falling by 3°F, from 65°F to 62°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in November
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Santo André are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in November
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Santo André are increasing during November, increasing by 245°F, from 4,136°F to 4,381°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in November
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Santo André is gradually decreasing during November, falling by 0.8 kWh, from 3.2 kWh to 2.4 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in November
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Santo André are 38.054 deg latitude, -8.752 deg longitude, and 184 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Santo André contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 361 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 172 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,060 feet). Within 50 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,778 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Santo André is covered by trees (53%) and cropland (40%), within 10 miles by trees (51%) and water (27%), and within 50 miles by water (43%) and cropland (30%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Santo André year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Santo André.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Santo André according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Santo André is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Santo André and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.