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November Weather in Dakar Senegal

Daily high temperatures decrease by 3°F, from 87°F to 84°F, rarely falling below 79°F or exceeding 92°F.

Daily low temperatures decrease by 4°F, from 76°F to 72°F, rarely falling below 68°F or exceeding 79°F.

For reference, on October 6, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Dakar typically range from 78°F to 88°F, while on February 4, the coldest day of the year, they range from 65°F to 78°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in November in Dakar

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on November. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in November in Dakar

Average Hourly Temperature in November in DakarNov11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303012 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMOctDeccomfortablecomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Corral del Risco (Punta de Mita), Mexico (5,747 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Dakar (view comparison).

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The month of November in Dakar experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 56% throughout the month.

The clearest day of the month is November 30, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 46% of the time.

For reference, on September 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 80%, while on May 12, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 71%.

Cloud Cover Categories in November in Dakar

Cloud Cover Categories in November in DakarNov1122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%OctDecNov 142%Nov 142%Nov 3046%Nov 3046%Nov 1143%Nov 1143%Nov 2144%Nov 2144%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Dakar, the chance of a wet day over the course of November is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 6% and ending it at 4%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 59% on August 29, and its lowest chance is 1% on April 9.

Probability of Precipitation in November in Dakar

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during November in Dakar is essentially constant, remaining about 0.3 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 1.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in November in Dakar

Average Monthly Rainfall in November in DakarNov1122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in2.5 in2.5 in3.0 in3.0 in3.5 in3.5 in4.0 in4.0 inOctDecNov 10.4 inNov 10.4 inNov 300.2 inNov 300.2 inNov 110.3 inNov 110.3 inNov 210.2 inNov 210.2 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.

Over the course of November in Dakar, the length of the day is gradually decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 16 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 33 seconds, and weekly decrease of 3 minutes, 53 seconds.

The shortest day of the month is November 30, with 11 hours, 20 minutes of daylight and the longest day is November 1, with 11 hours, 36 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in November in Dakar

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise of the month in Dakar is 7:05 AM on November 1 and the latest sunrise is 13 minutes later at 7:18 AM on November 30.

The latest sunset is 6:41 PM on November 1 and the earliest sunset is 4 minutes earlier at 6:37 PM on November 20.

Daylight saving time is not observed in Dakar during 2024.

For reference, on June 20, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:41 AM and sets 13 hours, 0 minutes later, at 7:41 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:30 AM and sets 11 hours, 16 minutes later, at 6:45 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in November in Dakar

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in November in DakarNov1122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930302 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMOctDec7:05 AM7:05 AMNov 16:41 PMNov 16:41 PM7:13 AM7:13 AMNov 206:37 PMNov 206:37 PM7:18 AM7:18 AMNov 306:38 PMNov 306:38 PMSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of November. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in November in Dakar

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in November in DakarNov11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303012 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMOctDec0010102020203030404050505060000101020203030304040505060
northeastsouthwest
Solar elevation and azimuth over the course of November 2024. The black lines are lines of constant solar elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon, in degrees). The background color fills indicate the azimuth (the compass bearing) of the sun. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries of the cardinal compass points indicate the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for November 2024. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in November in Dakar

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in November in DakarNov11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303012 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMOctDecOct 26:50 PMOct 26:50 PMOct 1711:27 AMOct 1711:27 AMNov 112:48 PMNov 112:48 PMNov 159:29 PMNov 159:29 PMDec 16:22 AMDec 16:22 AMDec 159:02 AMDec 159:02 AMDec 3010:28 PMDec 3010:28 PM6:40 AM6:40 AM6:53 PM6:53 PM6:09 PM6:09 PM6:53 AM6:53 AM6:56 AM6:56 AM6:39 PM6:39 PM6:18 PM6:18 PM7:42 AM7:42 AM7:28 AM7:28 AM6:51 PM6:51 PM5:54 PM5:54 PM7:32 AM7:32 AM7:11 AM7:11 AM6:32 PM6:32 PM
The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.
Nov 2024IlluminationMoonriseMoonsetMoonriseMeridian PassingDistance
1
0%6:56 AMESE6:39 PMWSW-12:47 PMS250,930 mi
2
1%7:46 AMESE7:20 PMWSW-1:32 PMS249,673 mi
3
4%8:39 AMESE8:05 PMWSW-2:22 PMS248,086 mi
4
9%9:34 AMESE8:55 PMWSW-3:14 PMS246,179 mi
5
16%10:30 AMESE9:50 PMWSW-4:10 PMS243,954 mi
6
24%11:25 AMESE10:47 PMWSW-5:07 PMS241,418 mi
7
34%12:18 PMESE11:46 PMWSW-6:03 PMS238,604 mi
8
45%1:07 PMESE--6:57 PMS235,587 mi
9
50%-12:45 AMWSW1:53 PMESE7:48 PMS232,499 mi
10
68%-1:42 AMWSW2:36 PMESE8:38 PMS229,532 mi
11
79%-2:39 AMW3:18 PME9:26 PMS226,931 mi
12
88%-3:36 AMW3:59 PME10:15 PMS224,967 mi
13
95%-4:33 AMW4:42 PME11:06 PMS223,897 mi
14
97%-5:33 AMWNW5:28 PMENE--
15
100%-6:36 AMWNW6:18 PMENE12:00 AMN223,910 mi
16
100%-7:42 AMWNW7:14 PMENE12:58 AMN225,086 mi
17
98%-8:48 AMWNW8:14 PMENE2:00 AMN227,357 mi
18
93%-9:53 AMWNW9:16 PMENE3:03 AMN230,515 mi
19
86%-10:53 AMWNW10:17 PMENE4:05 AMN234,244 mi
20
78%-11:46 AMWNW11:16 PMENE5:03 AMN238,183 mi
21
68%-12:32 PMWNW-5:56 AMN241,989 mi
22
58%12:10 AMENE1:13 PMWNW-6:43 AMN245,380 mi
23
50%1:01 AMENE1:49 PMWNW-7:27 AMS248,150 mi
24
38%1:48 AME2:23 PMW-8:07 AMS250,174 mi
25
29%2:34 AME2:56 PMW-8:45 AMS251,401 mi
26
21%3:19 AME3:28 PMW-9:24 AMS251,847 mi
27
13%4:04 AME4:02 PMWSW-10:03 AMS251,579 mi
28
7%4:51 AMESE4:38 PMWSW-10:44 AMS250,702 mi
29
3%5:41 AMESE5:18 PMWSW-11:28 AMS249,342 mi
30
1%6:33 AMESE6:02 PMWSW-12:17 PMS247,632 mi

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Dakar is very rapidly decreasing during November, falling from 91% to 54% over the course of the month.

For reference, on August 14, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 100% of the time, while on January 25, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 6% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in November in Dakar

Humidity Comfort Levels in November in DakarNov1122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%OctDecNov 191%Nov 191%Nov 3054%Nov 3054%Nov 1181%Nov 1181%Nov 2169%Nov 2169%miserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Dakar is rapidly increasing during November, increasing from 10.5 miles per hour to 12.8 miles per hour over the course of the month.

For reference, on April 7, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 14.0 miles per hour, while on September 22, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in November in Dakar

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The hourly average wind direction in Dakar throughout November is predominantly from the north, with a peak proportion of 79% on November 13.

Wind Direction in November in Dakar

Wind Direction in November in DakarNov1122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%OctDecwestnortheastsouth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Dakar is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average surface water temperature in Dakar is decreasing during November, falling by 4°F, from 81°F to 77°F, over the course of the month.

Average Water Temperature in November in Dakar

Average Water Temperature in November in DakarNov11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303068°F68°F70°F70°F72°F72°F74°F74°F76°F76°F78°F78°F80°F80°F82°F82°F84°F84°F86°F86°FOctDecNov 181°FNov 181°FNov 3077°FNov 3077°FNov 1180°FNov 1180°FNov 2179°FNov 2179°F
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Dakar are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in November in Dakar

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in November in DakarNov1122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%OctDec100%Nov 16100%Nov 16comfortablewarmhotcool
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in Dakar are rapidly increasing during November, increasing by 828°F, from 7,985°F to 8,813°F, over the course of the month.

Growing Degree Days in November in Dakar

Growing Degree Days in November in DakarNov1122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930307,800°F7,800°F8,000°F8,000°F8,200°F8,200°F8,400°F8,400°F8,600°F8,600°F8,800°F8,800°F9,000°F9,000°FOctDecNov 17,985°FNov 17,985°FNov 308,813°FNov 308,813°FNov 118,280°FNov 118,280°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of November, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Dakar is essentially constant during November, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 4.9 kWh throughout.

The highest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during November is 5.0 kWh on November 6.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in November in Dakar

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in November in DakarNov1122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWhOctDecNov 65.0 kWhNov 65.0 kWhNov 304.8 kWhNov 304.8 kWhNov 164.9 kWhNov 164.9 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Dakar are 14.694 deg latitude, -17.444 deg longitude, and 39 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Dakar contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 157 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 36 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (325 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (515 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Dakar is covered by artificial surfaces (71%) and water (21%), within 10 miles by water (81%) and artificial surfaces (14%), and within 50 miles by water (81%) and cropland (11%).

This report illustrates the typical weather in Dakar, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Dakar.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Dakar according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Dakar is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Dakar and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:

To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Dakar and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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