Average Weather in August in Gallup New Mexico, United States
Daily high temperatures decrease by 4°F, from 84°F to 81°F, rarely falling below 74°F or exceeding 91°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 5°F, from 56°F to 51°F, rarely falling below 44°F or exceeding 61°F.
For reference, on July 3, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Gallup typically range from 53°F to 87°F, while on January 8, the coldest day of the year, they range from 16°F to 43°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in August
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on August. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in August
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of August in Gallup experiences decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 38% to 28%.
The clearest day of the month is August 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 72% of the time.
For reference, on February 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 39%, while on September 28, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 82%.
Cloud Cover Categories in August
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Gallup, the chance of a wet day over the course of August is very rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 29% and ending it at 21%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 30% on August 9, and its lowest chance is 4% on June 8.
Probability of Precipitation in August
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during August in Gallup is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 1.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.3 inches or falls below 0.5 inches, and ending the month at 1.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.1 inches or falls below 0.3 inches.
The highest average 31-day accumulation is 1.4 inches on August 2.
Average Monthly Rainfall in August
Over the course of August in Gallup, the length of the day is decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 59 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 1 minute, 57 seconds, and weekly decrease of 13 minutes, 42 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is August 31, with 12 hours, 56 minutes of daylight and the longest day is August 1, with 13 hours, 54 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in August
The earliest sunrise of the month in Gallup is 6:23 AM on August 1 and the latest sunrise is 23 minutes later at 6:46 AM on August 31.
The latest sunset is 8:18 PM on August 1 and the earliest sunset is 36 minutes earlier at 7:42 PM on August 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Gallup during 2020, but it neither starts nor ends during August, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 20, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:59 AM and sets 14 hours, 34 minutes later, at 8:33 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:20 AM and sets 9 hours, 45 minutes later, at 5:06 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in August
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Gallup is essentially constant during August, remaining around 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in August
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Gallup is gradually increasing during August, increasing from 6.8 miles per hour to 7.3 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on April 10, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 12.1 miles per hour, while on August 14, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.7 miles per hour.
The lowest daily average wind speed during August is 6.7 miles per hour on August 14.
Average Wind Speed in August
The hourly average wind direction in Gallup throughout August is predominantly from the west, with a peak proportion of 42% on August 7.
Wind Direction in August
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Gallup typically lasts for 4.2 months (129 days), from around May 23 to around September 29, rarely starting before May 3 or after June 14, and rarely ending before September 11 or after October 16.
The month of August in Gallup is reliably fully within the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in August
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Gallup are rapidly increasing during August, increasing by 536°F, from 1,690°F to 2,227°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in August
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Gallup is essentially constant during August, remaining within 0.2 kWh of 6.5 kWh throughout.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in August
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Gallup are 35.528 deg latitude, -108.743 deg longitude, and 6,640 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Gallup contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 492 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 6,606 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,549 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,934 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Gallup is covered by shrubs (100%), within 10 miles by shrubs (96%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (74%) and trees (20%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Gallup year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Gallup.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Gallup according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Gallup is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Gallup and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Gallup Municipal Airport (97%, 4.9 kilometers, west); Grants-Milan Municipal Airport (2.3%, 86 kilometers, southeast); and Four Corners Regional Airport (1.0%, 143 kilometers, north).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.