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Average Weather in April in Ilulissat Greenland

In Ilulissat, the month of April is characterized by rapidly rising daily high temperatures, with daily highs increasing by 13°F, from 16°F to 29°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 40°F or dropping below 1°F.

Daily low temperatures increase by 15°F, from 4°F to 19°F, rarely falling below -12°F or exceeding 30°F.

For reference, on July 18, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Ilulissat typically range from 42°F to 52°F, while on February 27, the coldest day of the year, they range from -3°F to 8°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in April

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on April. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in April

Average Hourly Temperature in April in Ilulissat1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303012 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMMarMayfreezingchillyfrigid
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

The month of April in Ilulissat experiences gradually decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 66% to 60%.

The clearest day of the month is April 30, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 40% of the time.

For reference, on January 1, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 76%, while on July 10, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 51%.

Cloud Cover Categories in April

Cloud Cover Categories in April in Ilulissat181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%MarMayApr 134%Apr 134%Apr 3040%Apr 3040%Apr 1135%Apr 1135%Apr 2138%Apr 2138%clearmostly clearpartly cloudyovercastmostly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Ilulissat, the chance of a wet day over the course of April is gradually increasing, starting the month at 9% and ending it at 12%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 23% on August 16, and its lowest chance is 6% on January 6.

Over the course of April in Ilulissat, the chance of a day with only rain increases from 1% to 3%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 3% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 6% throughout.

Probability of Precipitation in April

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during April in Ilulissat is gradually increasing, starting the month at 0.2 inches, when it rarely exceeds 0.9 inches or falls below -0.0 inches, and ending the month at 0.5 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.3 inches or falls below -0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in April

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during April in Ilulissat is essentially constant, remaining about 0.4 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.9 inches or falling below -0.0 inches.

The highest average 31-day liquid-equivalent accumulation is 0.4 inches on April 13.

Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in April

The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

Due to its extreme latitude, Ilulissat experiences polar day (also known as the midnight Sun) during the summer and polar night during the winter. These are periods of time in which the sun is continuously above or below the horizon for more than one day. The precise start and end dates of polar day and night vary from year to year and depend on the precise location and elevation of the observer, and the local topography.

Neither polar day nor polar night occur during the month of April.

Over the course of April in Ilulissat, the length of the day is very rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 4 hours, 25 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 9 minutes, 9 seconds, and weekly increase of 1 hour, 4 minutes, 2 seconds.

The shortest day of the month is April 1, with 14 hours, 1 minute of daylight and the longest day is April 30, with 18 hours, 26 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in April

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The latest sunrise of the month in Ilulissat is 6:28 AM on April 1 and the earliest sunrise is 2 hours, 18 minutes earlier at 4:10 AM on April 30.

The earliest sunset is 8:29 PM on April 1 and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 7 minutes later at 10:36 PM on April 30.

Daylight saving time is observed in Ilulissat during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during April, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in April

The solar day over the course of April. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Ilulissat is essentially constant during April, remaining around 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels in April

The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Ilulissat is essentially constant during April, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 4.3 miles per hour throughout.

For reference, on November 29, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.3 miles per hour, while on July 14, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in April

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
The hourly average wind direction in Ilulissat throughout April is predominantly from the south, with a peak proportion of 43% on April 18.

Wind Direction in April

Wind Direction in April in IlulissatES181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%MarMaysoutheastnorthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Ilulissat is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average surface water temperature in Ilulissat is essentially constant during April, remaining around 30°F throughout.

Average Water Temperature in April

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Ilulissat is rapidly increasing during April, rising by 1.8 kWh, from 2.7 kWh to 4.5 kWh, over the course of the month.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in April

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ilulissat are 69.217 deg latitude, -51.100 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Ilulissat contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 394 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 101 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,654 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,396 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Ilulissat is covered by water (28%), sparse vegetation (25%), trees (17%), and snow and glaciers (16%), within 10 miles by water (50%) and snow and glaciers (21%), and within 50 miles by water (41%) and snow and glaciers (32%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Ilulissat year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Egedesminde, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Ilulissat.

At a distance of 91 kilometers from Ilulissat, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Ilulissat according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.