Average Weather in December in Pampa del Infierno Argentina
Daily high temperatures increase by 3°F, from 90°F to 93°F, rarely falling below 81°F or exceeding 101°F.
Daily low temperatures increase by 3°F, from 69°F to 72°F, rarely falling below 61°F or exceeding 79°F.
For reference, on January 9, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Pampa del Infierno typically range from 72°F to 93°F, while on July 20, the coldest day of the year, they range from 51°F to 74°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
The month of December in Pampa del Infierno experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 34% to 41%.
The clearest day of the month is December 3, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 66% of the time.
For reference, on January 10, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 43%, while on August 31, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 75%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Pampa del Infierno, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is decreasing, starting the month at 36% and ending it at 31%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 37% on November 30, and its lowest chance is 8% on August 10.
Probability of Precipitation in December
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in Pampa del Infierno is decreasing, starting the month at 6.0 inches, when it rarely exceeds 10.4 inches or falls below 2.8 inches, and ending the month at 5.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 8.7 inches or falls below 2.6 inches.
The highest average 31-day accumulation is 6.0 inches on December 1.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
Over the course of December in Pampa del Infierno, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 1, with 13 hours, 41 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 21, with 13 hours, 49 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Pampa del Infierno is 6:03 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 11 minutes later at 6:14 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 7:44 PM on December 1 and the latest sunset is 17 minutes later at 8:01 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Pampa del Infierno during 2018.
For reference, on December 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:08 AM and sets 13 hours, 49 minutes later, at 7:57 PM, while on June 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:52 AM and sets 10 hours, 28 minutes later, at 6:20 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Pampa del Infierno is rapidly increasing during December, rising from 57% to 73% over the course of the month.
For reference, on January 25, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 78% of the time, while on August 10, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 2% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Pampa del Infierno is gradually decreasing during December, decreasing from 9.0 miles per hour to 8.3 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on September 20, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 10.4 miles per hour, while on March 20, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
While it does not do so every year, freezing temperatures are seen in Pampa del Infierno over some winters. The day least likely to be in the growing season is July 16, with a 61% chance.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Pampa del Infierno are rapidly increasing during December, increasing by 875°F, from 2,995°F to 3,870°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Pampa del Infierno is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 7.3 kWh throughout.
The highest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 7.3 kWh on December 11.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Pampa del Infierno are -26.505 deg latitude, -61.174 deg longitude, and 413 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Pampa del Infierno is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 36 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 411 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (75 feet). Within 50 miles is essentially flat (410 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Pampa del Infierno is covered by trees (44%), cropland (26%), shrubs (20%), and grassland (10%), within 10 miles by trees (57%) and shrubs (22%), and within 50 miles by trees (52%) and cropland (20%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Pampa del Infierno year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Presidencia Roque Sáenz Peña Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Pampa del Infierno.
At a distance of 73 kilometers from Pampa del Infierno, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Pampa del Infierno according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.