Average Weather in December in Nogales Mexico
Daily high temperatures decrease by 4°F, from 66°F to 63°F, rarely falling below 52°F or exceeding 76°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 63°F on December 26.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 2°F, from 37°F to 35°F, rarely falling below 26°F or exceeding 46°F.
For reference, on June 23, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Nogales typically range from 64°F to 94°F, while on January 5, the coldest day of the year, they range from 34°F to 63°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
Gharyan, Libya (6,731 miles away); Beverley, Australia (9,657 miles); and Narromine, Australia (7,912 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Nogales (view comparison).
The month of December in Nogales experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 32% to 37%. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 37% on December 28.
The clearest day of the month is December 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 68% of the time.
For reference, on July 30, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 52%, while on June 9, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 85%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Nogales, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is gradually increasing, starting the month at 10% and ending it at 12%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 50% on August 3, and its lowest chance is 2% on May 19.
Over the course of December in Nogales, the chance of a day with only rain remains an essentially constant 11% throughout, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 1% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 0% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in December
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in Nogales is essentially constant, remaining about 0.9 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 2.4 inches.
The highest average 31-day accumulation is 1.0 inches on December 17.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
Over the course of December in Nogales, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 22, with 10 hours, 7 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 10 hours, 16 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Nogales is 7:04 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 18 minutes later at 7:22 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 5:20 PM on December 3 and the latest sunset is 11 minutes later at 5:31 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Nogales during 2019.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:19 AM and sets 14 hours, 11 minutes later, at 7:31 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:18 AM and sets 10 hours, 7 minutes later, at 5:25 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Nogales is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on August 7, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 19% of the time, while on October 19, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Nogales is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 8.7 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on April 10, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.5 miles per hour, while on August 8, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Nogales typically lasts for 7.6 months (234 days), from around March 24 to around November 13, rarely starting before February 23 or after April 23, and rarely ending before October 26 or after December 3.
The month of December in Nogales is more likely than not fully outside of the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season decreasing from 12% to 0% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Nogales are gradually increasing during December, increasing by 112°F, from 5,198°F to 5,310°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Nogales is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 3.6 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 3.5 kWh on December 24.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Nogales are 31.309 deg latitude, -110.942 deg longitude, and 4,160 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Nogales contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 732 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,146 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (2,251 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (7,562 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Nogales is covered by artificial surfaces (68%), shrubs (15%), and grassland (13%), within 10 miles by shrubs (83%) and grassland (12%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (74%) and grassland (19%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Nogales year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Nogales International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Nogales.
At a distance of 15 kilometers from Nogales, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Nogales according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.