Average Weather in December in San Juan Puerto Rico
In San Juan, the month of December is characterized by essentially constant daily high temperatures, with daily highs around 84°F throughout the month, rarely exceeding 87°F or dropping below 80°F.
Daily low temperatures are around 73°F, rarely falling below 70°F or exceeding 77°F.
For reference, on August 21, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in San Juan typically range from 78°F to 89°F, while on January 25, the coldest day of the year, they range from 72°F to 83°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
The month of December in San Juan experiences rapidly decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 35% to 21%.
The clearest day of the month is December 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 79% of the time.
For reference, on May 30, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 73%, while on January 11, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 82%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In San Juan, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is very rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 36% and ending it at 22%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 50% on September 26, and its lowest chance is 20% on January 9.
Probability of Precipitation in December
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in San Juan is rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 2.9 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.9 inches or falls below 0.4 inches, and ending the month at 1.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.3 inches or falls below 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
Over the course of December in San Juan, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 21, with 11 hours, 1 minute of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 11 hours, 6 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in San Juan is 6:40 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 16 minutes later at 6:56 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 5:46 PM on December 1 and the latest sunset is 12 minutes later at 5:58 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in San Juan during 2017.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:49 AM and sets 13 hours, 14 minutes later, at 7:03 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:52 AM and sets 11 hours, 1 minute later, at 5:53 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in San Juan is gradually decreasing during December, falling from 96% to 93% over the course of the month.
For reference, on June 12, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 100% of the time, while on March 9, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 81% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in San Juan is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 6.2 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on July 14, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.8 miles per hour, while on October 10, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
San Juan is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in San Juan is essentially constant during December, remaining within 1°F of 81°F throughout.
Average Water Temperature in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in San Juan is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 4.8 kWh throughout.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of San Juan are 18.466 deg latitude, -66.106 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of San Juan contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 194 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 5 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (984 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,390 feet).
The area within 2 miles of San Juan is covered by water (78%) and artificial surfaces (19%), within 10 miles by water (58%) and grassland (16%), and within 50 miles by water (75%) and trees (14%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in San Juan year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in San Juan.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and San Juan according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at San Juan is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between San Juan and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.