Average Weather in April in Nantucket Massachusetts, United States
Daily low temperatures increase by 7°F, from 36°F to 44°F, rarely falling below 30°F or exceeding 49°F.
For reference, on July 30, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Nantucket typically range from 65°F to 75°F, while on January 30, the coldest day of the year, they range from 26°F to 38°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in April
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on April. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in April
The month of April in Nantucket experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 53% throughout the month.
The clearest day of the month is April 3, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 47% of the time.
For reference, on May 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 55%, while on September 6, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 62%.
Cloud Cover Categories in April
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Nantucket, the chance of a wet day over the course of April is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 30% and ending it at 27%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 31% on December 11, and its lowest chance is 20% on July 4.
Over the course of April in Nantucket, the chance of a day with only rain remains an essentially constant 28% throughout, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 1% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 0% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in April
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during April in Nantucket is decreasing, starting the month at 3.8 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.1 inches or falls below 1.4 inches, and ending the month at 3.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.8 inches or falls below 1.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in April
Over the course of April in Nantucket, the length of the day is rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 1 hour, 16 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 2 minutes, 36 seconds, and weekly increase of 18 minutes, 14 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is April 1, with 12 hours, 42 minutes of daylight and the longest day is April 30, with 13 hours, 57 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in April
The latest sunrise of the month in Nantucket is 6:23 AM on April 1 and the earliest sunrise is 44 minutes earlier at 5:39 AM on April 30.
The earliest sunset is 7:05 PM on April 1 and the latest sunset is 31 minutes later at 7:36 PM on April 30.
Daylight saving time is observed in Nantucket during 2018, but it neither starts nor ends during April, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:07 AM and sets 15 hours, 10 minutes later, at 8:17 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:02 AM and sets 9 hours, 12 minutes later, at 4:14 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in April
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Nantucket is essentially constant during April, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on August 2, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 53% of the time, while on November 21, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in April
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Nantucket is decreasing during April, decreasing from 16.4 miles per hour to 14.8 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on January 13, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 19.4 miles per hour, while on July 26, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 11.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in April
Wind Direction in April
Nantucket is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Nantucket is increasing during April, rising by 5°F, from 41°F to 46°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in April
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Nantucket typically lasts for 7.1 months (219 days), from around April 7 to around November 12, rarely starting before March 22 or after April 25, and rarely ending before October 26 or after November 30.
During April in Nantucket, the chance that a given day is within the growing season is very rapidly increasing rising from 32% to 94% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in April
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Nantucket are essentially constant during April, remaining within 13°F of 18°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in April
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Nantucket is increasing during April, rising by 1.1 kWh, from 4.7 kWh to 5.8 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in April
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Nantucket are 41.283 deg latitude, -70.099 deg longitude, and 13 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Nantucket is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 69 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 18 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (92 feet). Within 50 miles is essentially flat (358 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Nantucket is covered by artificial surfaces (49%), water (34%), and trees (13%), within 10 miles by water (86%), and within 50 miles by water (92%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Nantucket year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Nantucket.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Nantucket according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Nantucket is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Nantucket and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Nantucket Memorial Airport (91%, 4.7 kilometers, southeast); Martha's Vineyard Airport (3.2%, 45 kilometers, west); Barnstable Municipal Airport-Boardman/Polando Field (3.1%, 45 kilometers, north); and Chatham Municipal Airport (3.0%, 46 kilometers, north).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.