Average Weather in December in Congress Arizona, United States
Daily high temperatures decrease by 4°F, from 62°F to 58°F, rarely falling below 49°F or exceeding 71°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 57°F on December 24.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 2°F, from 39°F to 36°F, rarely falling below 28°F or exceeding 46°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 36°F on December 26.
For reference, on July 4, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Congress typically range from 72°F to 98°F, while on December 26, the coldest day of the year, they range from 36°F to 58°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of December in Congress experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 32% to 37%. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 37% on December 27.
The clearest day of the month is December 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 68% of the time.
For reference, on February 19, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 40%, while on September 18, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 86%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Congress, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is gradually increasing, starting the month at 9% and ending it at 11%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 22% on August 9, and its lowest chance is 1% on June 12.
Probability of Precipitation in December
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in Congress is essentially constant, remaining about 0.9 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 2.7 inches or falling below -0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
Over the course of December in Congress, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 20, with 9 hours, 52 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 10 hours, 2 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Congress is 7:19 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 18 minutes later at 7:37 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 5:21 PM on December 4 and the latest sunset is 11 minutes later at 5:32 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Congress during 2020.
For reference, on June 20, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:20 AM and sets 14 hours, 26 minutes later, at 7:46 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:33 AM and sets 9 hours, 52 minutes later, at 5:26 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Congress is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on August 12, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 5% of the time, while on October 11, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Congress is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 7.9 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on April 23, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.6 miles per hour, while on August 15, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in December
The hourly average wind direction in Congress throughout December is predominantly from the east, with a peak proportion of 43% on December 29.
Wind Direction in December
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Congress typically lasts for 9.1 months (277 days), from around February 26 to around November 29, rarely starting before January 23 or after March 27, and rarely ending before November 12 or after December 18.
The month of December in Congress is more likely than not fully outside of the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season rapidly decreasing from 45% to 1% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Congress are gradually increasing during December, increasing by 68°F, from 5,792°F to 5,861°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Congress is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 3.2 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 3.1 kWh on December 23.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Congress are 34.163 deg latitude, -112.851 deg longitude, and 3,031 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Congress contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,102 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,039 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,753 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (7,110 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Congress is covered by shrubs (100%), within 10 miles by shrubs (95%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (88%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Congress year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Congress.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Congress according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Congress is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Congress and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Ernest A. Love Field (29%, 67 kilometers, northeast); Luke Air Force Base (25%, 82 kilometers, southeast); Buckeye Municipal Airport (24%, 84 kilometers, south); Kingman Airport (13%, 157 kilometers, northwest); and Needles Airport (10%, 176 kilometers, northwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.