Average Weather in December in Phoenix Arizona, United States
In Phoenix, the month of December is characterized by gradually falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing by 4°F, from 70°F to 66°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 78°F or dropping below 57°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 65°F on December 26.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 3°F, from 49°F to 45°F, rarely falling below 38°F or exceeding 56°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 45°F on December 28.
For reference, on July 5, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Phoenix typically range from 84°F to 107°F, while on December 28, the coldest day of the year, they range from 45°F to 66°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
The month of December in Phoenix experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 31% to 35%. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 36% on December 28.
The clearest day of the month is December 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 69% of the time.
For reference, on February 19, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 38%, while on June 14, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 86%.
Cloud Cover in December
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Phoenix, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is essentially constant, remaining around 10% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 19% on August 13, and its lowest chance is 1% on June 14.
Probability of Precipitation in December
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in Phoenix is essentially constant, remaining about 1.0 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 2.7 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
Over the course of December in Phoenix, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 20, with 9 hours, 56 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 10 hours, 6 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Phoenix is 7:14 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 18 minutes later at 7:32 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 5:20 PM on December 4 and the latest sunset is 11 minutes later at 5:30 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Phoenix during 2017.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:19 AM and sets 14 hours, 22 minutes later, at 7:41 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:28 AM and sets 9 hours, 56 minutes later, at 5:24 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Phoenix is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on August 14, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 23% of the time, while on November 4, the leasy muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Phoenix is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 3.7 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on April 30, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.1 miles per hour, while on August 16, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.1 miles per hour.
The lowest daily average wind speed during December is 3.6 miles per hour on December 17.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Phoenix is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 3.3 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 3.1 kWh on December 24.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Phoenix are 33.448 deg latitude, -112.074 deg longitude, and 1,086 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Phoenix is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 56 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,082 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (1,722 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (6,909 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Phoenix is covered by artificial surfaces (52%) and shrubs (48%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (51%) and shrubs (44%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (85%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Phoenix year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Phoenix.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Phoenix according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Phoenix is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Phoenix and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (81%, 7 kilometers, east); Phoenix-Deer Valley Airport (9%, 27 kilometers, north); and Luke Air Force Base (9%, 29 kilometers, northwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.