Average Weather in September in Vailima Samoa
Daily high temperatures are around 84°F, rarely falling below 81°F or exceeding 86°F.
Daily low temperatures are around 74°F, rarely falling below 70°F or exceeding 77°F.
For reference, on April 14, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Vailima typically range from 75°F to 85°F, while on July 19, the coldest day of the year, they range from 73°F to 83°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in September
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on September. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in September
Petit Valley, Trinidad & Tobago (7,746 miles away); Anna Regina, Guyana (7,902 miles); and Kinangan, Philippines (4,521 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Vailima (view comparison).
The month of September in Vailima experiences rapidly increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 41% to 56%.
The clearest day of the month is September 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 59% of the time.
For reference, on January 7, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 89%, while on August 25, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 60%.
Cloud Cover Categories in September
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Vailima, the chance of a wet day over the course of September is very rapidly increasing, starting the month at 22% and ending it at 35%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 60% on January 12, and its lowest chance is 18% on July 29.
Probability of Precipitation in September
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during September in Vailima is rapidly increasing, starting the month at 1.9 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.2 inches or falls below 0.1 inches, and ending the month at 3.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.7 inches or falls below 0.8 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in September
Over the course of September in Vailima, the length of the day is gradually increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 22 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 45 seconds, and weekly increase of 5 minutes, 18 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is September 1, with 11 hours, 51 minutes of daylight and the longest day is September 30, with 12 hours, 13 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in September
The earliest sunrise of the month in Vailima is 6:12 AM on September 28 and the latest sunrise is 59 minutes later at 7:11 AM on September 29.
The earliest sunset is 6:22 PM on September 1 and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 1 minute later at 7:23 PM on September 30.
Daylight saving time (DST) starts at 4:00 AM on September 30, 2018, shifting sunrise and sunset to be an hour later.
For reference, on December 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:56 AM and sets 12 hours, 57 minutes later, at 7:53 PM, while on June 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:49 AM and sets 11 hours, 18 minutes later, at 6:08 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in September
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Vailima is essentially constant during September, remaining within 1% of 99% throughout.
For reference, on January 1, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 100% of the time, while on July 23, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 97% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in September
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Vailima is gradually decreasing during September, decreasing from 14.2 miles per hour to 13.2 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on July 29, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 14.3 miles per hour, while on March 9, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.7 miles per hour.
The highest daily average wind speed during September is 14.3 miles per hour on September 5.
Average Wind Speed in September
Wind Direction in September
Vailima is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Vailima is essentially constant during September, remaining around 82°F throughout.
Average Water Temperature in September
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Vailima are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in September
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Vailima are rapidly increasing during September, increasing by 824°F, from 1,734°F to 2,558°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in September
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Vailima is essentially constant during September, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 5.8 kWh throughout.
The highest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during September is 6.0 kWh on September 20.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in September
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Vailima are -13.864 deg latitude, -171.761 deg longitude, and 446 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Vailima contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,522 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 547 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,760 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (5,830 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Vailima is covered by trees (73%) and grassland (11%), within 10 miles by water (49%) and trees (43%), and within 50 miles by water (93%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Vailima year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Vailima.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Vailima according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Vailima is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Vailima and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.