Average Weather in April in Elizabeth New Jersey, United States
In Elizabeth, the month of April is characterized by rapidly rising daily high temperatures, with daily highs increasing by 11°F, from 57°F to 68°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 80°F or dropping below 45°F.
Daily low temperatures increase by 10°F, from 40°F to 50°F, rarely falling below 31°F or exceeding 59°F.
For reference, on July 21, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Elizabeth typically range from 71°F to 87°F, while on January 29, the coldest day of the year, they range from 27°F to 40°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in April
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on April. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in April
The month of April in Elizabeth experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 50% throughout the month.
The clearest day of the month is April 29, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 52% of the time.
For reference, on January 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 53%, while on August 29, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 64%.
Cloud Cover Categories in April
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Elizabeth, the chance of a wet day over the course of April is essentially constant, remaining around 29% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 35% on August 1, and its lowest chance is 22% on January 29.
Over the course of April in Elizabeth, the chance of a day with only rain remains an essentially constant 29% throughout, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 1% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 0% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in April
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during April in Elizabeth is essentially constant, remaining about 3.6 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 6.6 inches or falling below 1.4 inches.
The highest average 31-day accumulation is 3.7 inches on April 16.
Average Monthly Rainfall in April
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during April in Elizabeth is essentially constant, remaining about 0.1 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.4 inches or falling to 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in April
Over the course of April in Elizabeth, the length of the day is rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 1 hour, 14 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 2 minutes, 33 seconds, and weekly increase of 17 minutes, 48 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is April 1, with 12 hours, 42 minutes of daylight and the longest day is April 30, with 13 hours, 56 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in April
The latest sunrise of the month in Elizabeth is 6:40 AM on April 1 and the earliest sunrise is 43 minutes earlier at 5:56 AM on April 30.
The earliest sunset is 7:21 PM on April 1 and the latest sunset is 30 minutes later at 7:52 PM on April 30.
Daylight saving time is observed in Elizabeth during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during April, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:26 AM and sets 15 hours, 5 minutes later, at 8:31 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:17 AM and sets 9 hours, 16 minutes later, at 4:32 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in April
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Elizabeth is essentially constant during April, remaining around 0% throughout.
The lowest chance of a muggy day during April is 0% on April 3.
For reference, on August 2, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 52% of the time, while on January 24, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in April
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Elizabeth is gradually decreasing during April, decreasing from 4.5 miles per hour to 3.9 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on February 26, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.0 miles per hour, while on August 1, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in April
Wind Direction in April
Elizabeth is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Elizabeth is increasing during April, rising by 7°F, from 43°F to 50°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in April
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Elizabeth is increasing during April, rising by 1.1 kWh, from 4.7 kWh to 5.8 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in April
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Elizabeth are 40.664 deg latitude, -74.211 deg longitude, and 16 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Elizabeth is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 85 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 23 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (646 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,627 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Elizabeth is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (81%) and water (12%), and within 50 miles by trees (35%) and artificial surfaces (32%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Elizabeth year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Elizabeth.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Elizabeth according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Elizabeth is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Elizabeth and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Newark Liberty International Airport (62%, 4.1 kilometers, northeast); Linden Airport (34%, 6 kilometers, southwest); and Morristown Municipal Airport (4.5%, 23 kilometers, northwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.