Average Weather in December in Calgary Canada
In Calgary, the month of December is characterized by gradually falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing by 4°F, from 33°F to 29°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 49°F or dropping below 2°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 5°F, from 17°F to 12°F, rarely falling below -13°F or exceeding 32°F.
For reference, on August 5, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Calgary typically range from 52°F to 75°F, while on January 1, the coldest day of the year, they range from 12°F to 29°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
The month of December in Calgary experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 60% throughout the month.
The clearest day of the month is December 2, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 41% of the time.
For reference, on March 18, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 64%, while on July 29, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 68%.
Cloud Cover in December
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Calgary, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 7% and ending it at 5%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 34% on June 17, and its lowest chance is 3% on February 4.
Probability of Precipitation in December
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during December in Calgary is essentially constant, remaining about 0.2 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.5 inches or falling to 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in December
Over the course of December in Calgary, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 21, with 7 hours, 54 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 8 hours, 14 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Calgary is 8:18 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 22 minutes later at 8:39 AM on December 30.
The earliest sunset is 4:29 PM on December 12 and the latest sunset is 10 minutes later at 4:39 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Calgary during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:21 AM and sets 16 hours, 34 minutes later, at 9:55 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 8:37 AM and sets 7 hours, 54 minutes later, at 4:31 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Calgary is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 4, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Calgary is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 4.6 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on December 25, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.7 miles per hour, while on August 3, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.1 miles per hour.
The highest daily average wind speed during December is 4.7 miles per hour on December 25.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Calgary is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 1.0 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 1.0 kWh on December 24.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Calgary are 51.050 deg latitude, -114.085 deg longitude, and 3,527 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Calgary contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 299 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,507 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (951 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (7,936 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Calgary is covered by artificial surfaces (99%), within 10 miles by cropland (42%) and artificial surfaces (41%), and within 50 miles by cropland (62%) and trees (19%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Calgary year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Calgary.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Calgary according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Calgary is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Calgary and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Calgary International, Alta. (73%, 8 kilometers, northeast); Cop Upper (23%, 9 kilometers, west); Sparwood/Elk Valley Airport (2.3%, 80 kilometers, south); and Champion AGDM (1.8%, 101 kilometers, southeast).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.